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with Mohammed Ghaly, “Islamic Bioethics in the Twenty-first Century”; Henk ten Have, “Global Bioethics: Transnational Experiences and Islamic Bioethics”; Amel Alghrani, “Womb Transplantation and the Interplay of Islam and the West”; Shoaib A. Rasheed and Aasim I. Padela, “The Interplay between Religious Leaders and Organ Donation among Muslims”; Aasim I. Padela, “Islamic Verdicts in Health Policy Discourse: Porcine-Based Vaccines as a Case Study”; Mohammed Ghaly, “Collective Religio-Scientific Discussions on Islam and HIV/AIDS: I. Biomedical Scientists”; Ayman Shabana, “Law and Ethics in Islamic Bioethics: Nonmaleficence in Islamic Paternity Regulations”; and Willem B. Drees, “Islam and Bioethics in the Context of ‘Religion and Science’.”


  • Henk ten Have


In the 1970s “bioethics” emerged as a new interdisciplinary discourse on medicine, health care, and medical technologies, primarily in Western, developed countries. The main focus was on how individual patients could be empowered to cope with the challenges of science and technology. Since the 1990s, the main source of bioethical problems is the process of globalization, particularly neo-liberal market ideology. Faced with new challenges such as poverty, inequality, environmental degradation, hunger, pandemics, and organ trafficking the bioethical discourse of empowering individuals is no longer sufficient. Global bioethics nowadays is concerned with applying and implementing a universal ethical framework. Islamic bioethics has contributed to creating such framework (exemplified in the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights) while at the same time it is continuously articulating and interpreting this framework in specific settings and contexts.