SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Agnew W & McCreery D (1990a). Neural Protheses: Fundamental Studies. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs , NJ .
  • Agnew WF & McCreery DB. (1990b). Considerations for safety with chronically implanted nerve electrodes. Epilepsia 31, S2732.
  • Amman D, (1986). Ion-Selective Microelectrodes: Principles, Design and Application. Springer-Verlag, Berlin , Heidelberg , New York , Tokyo .
  • Bawin SM, Sheppard AR, Mahoney MD, Abu Assal M & Adey WR (1986). Comparison between the effects of extracellular direct and sinusoidal currents on excitability in hippocampal slices. Brain Res 362, 350354.
  • Benabid AL, Koudsie A, Pollak P, Kahane P, Chabardes S, Hirsch E, Marescaux C & Benazzouz A (2000). Future prospects of brain stimulation. Neurol Res 22, 237246.
  • Benazzouz A, Piallat B, Pollak P & Benabid AL (1995). Responses of substantia nigra pars reticulata and globus pallidus complex to high frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus in rats: electrophysiological data. Neurosci Lett 189, 7780.
  • Bikson M, Lian J, Hahn PJ, Stacey WC, Sciortino C & Durand DM (2001). Suppression of epileptiform activity by high frequency sinusoidal fields in rat hippocampal slices. J Physiol 531, 181191.
  • Bragin A, Engel J Jr, Wilson CL, Fried I & Mathern GW (1999). Hippocampal and entorhinal cortex high-frequency oscillations (100–500 Hz) in human epileptic brain and in kainic acid-treated rats with chronic seizures. Epilepsia 40, 127137.
  • Brummer SB & Turner MJ (1977). Electrochemical considerations for safe electrical stimulation of the nervous system with platinum electrodes. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 24, 5963.
  • Chan CY, Hounsgaard J & Nicholson C (1988). Effects of electric fields on transmembrane potential and excitability of turtle cerebellar Purkinje cells in vitro. J Physiol 402, 751771.
  • Chvatal A, Anderova M, Ziak D & Sykova E (1999). Glial depolarization evokes a larger potassium accumulation around oligodendrocytes than around astrocytes in gray matter of rat spinal cord slices. J Neurosci Res 56, 493505.
  • Cooper IS, Amin I & Gilman S (1973). The effect of chronic cerebellar stimulation upon epilepsy in man. Trans Am Neurol Assoc 98, 192196.
  • Durand DM & Bikson M (2001). Suppression and control of epileptiform activity by electrical stimulation: A review. Proceedings of the IEEE, Special Issue on Neural Engineering; Merging Engineering and Neuroscience 89, 10651082.
  • Faber J & Vladyka V (1983). Antiepileptic effect of electric stimulation of the locus coeruleus in man. Act Nerv Super (Praha) 25, 304308.
  • Fisher RS, Uematsu S, Krauss GL, Cysyk BJ, McPherson R, Lesser RP, Gordon B, Schwerdt P & Rise M (1992). Placebo-controlled pilot study of centromedian thalamic stimulation in treatment of intractable seizures. Epilepsia 33, 841851.
  • Gardner-Medwin AR, (1983a). Analysis of potassium dynamics in mammalian brain tissue. J Physiol 335, 393426.
  • Gardner-Medwin AR, (1983b). A study of the mechanisms by which potassium moves through brain tissue in the rat. J Physiol 335, 353374.
  • Gardner-Medwin AR & Nicholson C (1983). Changes of extracellular potassium activity induced by electric current through brain tissue in the rat. J Physiol 335, 375392.
  • Ghai RS, (1998). Electric field suppression of spontaneous, low calcium epileptiform activity in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices. M Sc thesis, Case Western Reserve University, OH , USA .
  • Ghai RS, Bikson M & Durand DM (2000). Effects of applied electric fields on low-calcium epileptiform activity in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices. J Neurophysiol 84, 274280.
  • Gluckman BJ, Neel EJ, Netoff TI, Ditto L, Spano ML & Schiff SJ (1996). Electric field suppression of epileptiform activity in hippocampal slices. J Neurophysiol 76, 42024205.
  • Gluckman B, Nguyen H, Weinstein S & Schiff S (2001). Adaptive electric field control of epileptic seizures. J Neurosci 21, 590600.
  • Hahn PJ & Durand DM (2001). Bistability dynamics in simulations of neural activity in high-extracellular-potassium conditions. J Comput Neurosci 11, 518.
  • Hille B, (1992). Ionic Channels of Excitable Membranes. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland , MA , USA .
  • Hounsgaard J & Nicholson C (1983). Potassium accumulation around individual purkinje cells in cerebellar slices from the guinea-pig. J Physiol 340, 359388.
  • Jefferys JGR, (1981). Influence of electric fields on the excitability of granule cells in guinea-pig hippocampal slices. J Physiol 319, 143152.
  • Jefferys JGR, (1995). Nonsynaptic modulation of neuronal activity in the brain: electric currents and extracellular ions. Physiol Rev 75, 689783.
  • Kaila K, Lamsa K, Smirnov S, Taira T & Voipio J (1997). Long-lasting GABA-mediated depolarization evoked by high-frequency stimulation in pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal slice is attributable to a network-driven, bicarbonate-dependent K+ transient. J Neurosci 17, 76627672.
  • Krnjevic K, Morris ME & Reiffenstein RJ. (1980). Changes in extracellular Ca2+ and K+ activity accompanying hippocampal discharges. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 58, 579582.
  • Loddenkemper T, Pan A, Neme S, Baker KB, Rezai AR, Dinner DS, Montgomery EB Jr & Luders HO (2001). Deep brain stimulation in epilepsy. J Clin Neurophysiol 18, 514532.
  • Poolos NP, Mauk MD & Kocsis JD. (1987). Activity-evoked increases in extracellular potassium modulate presynaptic excitability in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. J Neurophysiol 58, 404416.
  • Pumain R, Menini C, Heinemann U, Louvel J & Silva-Barrat C (1985). Chemical synaptic transmission is not necessary for epileptic seizures to persist in the baboon Papio papio. Exp Neurol 89, 250258.
  • Rutecki PA, Lebeda FJ & Johnston D (1985). Epileptiform activity induced by changes in extracellular potassium in hippocampus. J Neurophysiol 54, 13631374.
  • Schachter SC & Saper CB (1998). Vagus nerve stimulation. Epilepsia 39, 677686.
  • Sokal RR & Rohlf FJ (1981). Biometry: The Principles and Practise of Statistics in Biological Research, pp. 208371. W.H. Freeman, New York .
  • Takahashi T & Tsuruhara H (1987). Slow depolarizing potentials recorded from glial cells in the rat superficial dorsal horn. J Physiol 388, 597610.
  • Traub RD, Wong RK, Miles R & Michelson H (1991). A model of a CA3 hippocampal pyramidal neuron incorporating voltage-clamp data on intrinsic conductances. J Neurophysiol 66, 635650.
  • Traynelis SF & Dingledine R (1988). Potassium-induced spontaneous electrographic seizures in the rat hippocampal slice. J Neurophysiol 59, 259276.
  • Velasco M, Velasco F, Velasco AL, Jimenez F, Brito F & Marquez I (2000). Acute and chronic electrical stimulation of the centromedian thalamic nucleus: modulation of reticulo-cortical systems and predictor factors for generalized seizure control. Arch Med Res 31, 304315.
  • Warren RJ & Durand DM (1998). Effects of applied currents on spontaneous epileptiform activity induced by low calcium in the rat hippocampus. Brain Res 806, 186195.