SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alstermark B, Isa T & Tantisira B (1991). Pyramidal excitation in long propriospinal neurones in the cervical segments of the cat. Exp Brain Res 84, 569582.
  • Alstermark B, Lundberg A, Pinter M & Sasaki S (1987). Subpopulations and functions of long C3–C5 propriospinal neurones. Brain Res 404, 395400.
  • Brookhart JM & Morris RE (1948). Antidromic potential recordings from the bulbar pyramid of the cat. J Neurophysiol 11, 387398.
  • Cabaj A, Stecina K & Jankowska E (2006). Same spinal interneurons mediate reflex actions of group Ib and II afferents and crossed reticulospinal actions. J Neurophysiol 95, 39113922.
  • Canedo A & Lamas JA (1993). Pyramidal and corticospinal synaptic effects over reticulospinal neurones in the cat. J Physiol 463, 475489.
  • Casale EJ & Light AR (1991). The terminations of single, physiologically identified, somatosensory, corticospinal tract axons in the lumbar spinal cord of the cat. J Neurophysiol 66, 17381749.
  • Casale EJ, Light AR & Rustioni A (1988). Direct projection of the corticospinal tract to the superficial laminae of the spinal cord in the rat. J Comp Neurol 278, 275286.
  • Davies HE & Edgley SA (1994). Inputs to group II-activated midlumbar interneurones from descending motor pathways in the cat. J Physiol 479, 463473.
  • Drew T (1991). Functional organization within the medullary reticular formation of the intact unanesthetized cat. III. Microstimulation during locomotion. J Neurophysiol 66, 919938.
  • Drew T, Jiang W & Widajewicz W (2002). Contributions of the motor cortex to the control of the hindlimbs during locomotion in the cat. Brain Res Rev 40, 178191.
  • Drew T & Rossignol S (1990). Functional organization within the medullary reticular formation of intact unanesthetized cat. II. Electromyographic activity evoked by microstimulation. J Neurophysiol 64, 782795.
  • Dum RP & Strick PL (1996). Spinal cord terminations of the medial wall motor areas in macaque monkeys. J Neurosci 16, 65136525.
  • Eccles JC, Eccles RM & Lundberg A (1957). Synaptic actions in motoneurones caused by impulses in Golgi tendon afferents. J Physiol 138, 227252.
  • Eccles R & Lundberg A (1959). Synaptic actions in motoneurones by afferents which may evoke the flexion reflex. Arch Ital Biol 97, 199221.
  • Edgley SA, Eyre JA, Lemon RN & Miller S (1997). Comparison of activation of corticospinal neurons and spinal motor neurons by magnetic and electrical transcranial stimulation in the lumbosacral cord of the anaesthetized monkey. Brain 120, 839853.
  • Edgley SA & Jankowska E (1987). An interneuronal relay for group I and II muscle afferents in the midlumbar segments of the cat spinal cord. J Physiol 389, 647674.
  • Edgley SA, Jankowska E & Hammar I (2004). Ipsilateral actions of feline corticospinal tract neurons on limb motoneurons. J Neurosci 24, 78047813.
  • Fetz EE, Perlmutter SI & Prut Y (2000). Functions of mammalian spinal interneurons during movement. Curr Opin Neurobiol 10, 699707.
  • Fetz EE, Perlmutter SI, Prut Y, Seki K & Votaw S (2002). Roles of primate spinal interneurons in preparation and execution of voluntary hand movement. Brain Res Rev 40, 5365.
  • Fleshman JW, Rudomin P & Burke RE (1988). Supraspinal control of a short-latency cutaneous pathway to hindlimb motoneurons. Exp Brain Res 69, 449459.
  • Floeter MK, Sholomenko GN, Gossard JP & Burke RE (1993). Disynaptic excitation from the medial longitudinal fasciculus to lumbosacral motoneurons: modulation by repetitive activation, descending pathways, and locomotion. Exp Brain Res 92, 407419.
  • Harrison PJ & Jankowska E (1985). Sources of input to interneurones mediating group I non-reciprocal inhibition of motoneurones in the cat. J Physiol 361, 379401.
  • He XW & Wu CP (1985). Connections between pericruciate cortex and the medullary reticulospinal neurons in cat: an electrophysiological study. Exp Brain Res 61, 109116.
  • Hongo T & Jankowska E (1967). Effects from the sensorimotor cortex on the spinal cord in cats with transected pyramids. Exp Brain Res 3, 117134.
  • Hongo T, Kitazawa S, Ohki Y, Sasaki M & Xi MC (1989a). A physiological and morphological study of premotor interneurones in the cutaneous reflex pathways in cats. Brain Res 505, 163166.
  • Hongo T, Kitazawa S, Ohki Y & Xi MC (1989b). Functional identification of last-order interneurones of skin reflex pathways in the cat forelimb segments. Brain Res 505, 167170.
  • Hounsgaard J, Hultborn H, Jespersen B & Kiehn O (1988). Bistability of α-motoneurones in the decerebrate cat and in the acute spinal cat after intravenous 5-hydroxytryptophan. J Physiol 405, 345367.
  • Hultborn H (1999). Plateau potentials and their role in regulating motoneuronal firing. Prog Brain Res 123, 3948.
  • Hultborn H, Denton ME, Wienecke J & Nielsen JB (2003). Variable amplification of synaptic input to cat spinal motoneurones by dendritic persistent inward current. J Physiol 552, 945952.
  • Hultborn H, Jankowska E & Lindstrom S (1971). Recurrent inhibition of interneurones monosynaptically activated from group Ia afferents. J Physiol 215, 613636.
  • Hultborn H & Udo M (1972). Convergence in the reciprocal Ia inhibitory pathway of excitation from descending pathways and inhibition from motor axon collaterals. Acta Physiol Scand 84, 95108.
  • Illert M, Lundberg A, Padel Y & Tanaka R (1978). Integration in descending motor pathways controlling the forelimb in the cat. 5. Properties of and monosynaptic excitatory convergence on C3–C4 propriospinal neurones. Exp Brain Res 33, 101130.
  • Jankowska E, Cabaj A & Pettersson LG (2005a). How to enhance ipsilateral actions of pyramidal tract neurons. J Neurosci 25, 74017405.
  • Jankowska E & Edgley SA (2006). How can corticospinal tract neurons contribute to ipsilateral movements? A question with implications for recovery of motor functions. Neuroscientist 12, 6779.
  • Jankowska E, Edgley SA, Krutki P & Hammar I (2005b). Functional differentiation and organization of feline midlumbar commissural interneurones. J Physiol 565, 645658.
  • Jankowska E, Hammar I, Slawinska U, Maleszak K & Edgley SA (2003). Neuronal basis of crossed actions from the reticular formation upon feline hindlimb motoneurons. J Neurosci 23, 18671878.
  • Jankowska E, Krutki P & Matsuyama K (2005c). Relative contribution of Ia inhibitory interneurones to inhibition of feline contralateral motoneurones evoked via commissural interneurones. J Physiol 568, 617628.
  • Jankowska E, Lundberg A, Roberts WJ & Stuart D (1974). A long propriospinal system with direct effect on motoneurones and on interneurones in the cat lumbosacral cord. Exp Brain Res 21, 169194.
  • Jankowska E, Lundberg A & Stuart D (1973). Propriospinal control of last order interneurones of spinal reflex pathways in the cat. Brain Res 53, 227231.
  • Jankowska E & Roberts W (1972a). Synaptic actions of single interneurones mediating reciprocal Ia inhibition of motoneurones. J Physiol 222, 623642.
  • Jankowska E & Roberts WJ (1972b). An electrophysiological demonstration of the axonal projections of single spinal interneurones in the cat. J Physiol 222, 597622.
  • Jankowska E, Stecina K, Cabaj A, Pettersson L-G & Edgley SA (2006). Neuronal relays in double-crossed pathways between feline motor cortex and ipsilateral hindlimb motoneurons. J Physiol 575, 527541.
  • Kably B & Drew T (1998). Corticoreticular pathways in the cat. I. Projection patterns and collaterization. J Neurophysiol 80, 389405.
  • Lacroix S, Havton LA, McKay H, Yang H, Brant A, Roberts J et al . (2004). Bilateral corticospinal projections arise from each motor cortex in the macaque monkey: a quantitative study. J Comp Neurol 473, 147161.
  • Lee RH & Heckman CJ (1996). Influence of voltage-sensitive dendritic conductances on bistable firing and effective synaptic current in cat spinal motoneurons in vivo. J Neurophysiol 76, 21072110.
  • Li WC, Soffe SR, Wolf E & Roberts A (2006). Persistent responses to brief stimuli: feedback excitation among brainstem neurons. J Neurosci 26, 40264035.
  • Lundberg A, Malmgren K & Schomburg ED (1987). Reflex pathways from group II muscle afferents. 3. Secondary spindle afferents and the FRA: a new hypothesis. Exp Brain Res 65, 294306.
  • Lundberg A, Norrsell U & Voorhoeve P (1962). Pyramidal effects on lumbo-sacral interneurones activated by somatic afferents. Acta Physiol Scand 56, 220229.
  • Lundberg A & Voorhoeve P (1962). Effects from the pyramidal tract on spinal reflex arcs. Acta Physiol Scand 56, 201219.
  • Martin JH (2005). The corticospinal system: from development to motor control. Neuroscientist 11, 161173.
  • Matsuyama K & Drew T (1997). Organization of the projections from the pericruciate cortex to the pontomedullary brainstem of the cat: a study using the anterograde tracer Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin. J Comp Neurol 389, 617641.
  • Matsuyama K, Kobayashi Y, Takakusaki K, Mori S & Kimura H (1993). Termination mode and branching patterns of reticuloreticular and reticulospinal fibers of the nucleus reticularis pontis oralis in the cat: an anterograde PHA-L tracing study. Neurosci Res 17, 921.
  • Matsuyama K, Mori F, Kuze B & Mori S (1999). Morphology of single pontine reticulospinal axons in the lumbar enlargement of the cat: a study using the anterograde tracer PHA-L. J Comp Neurol 410, 413430.
  • Peterson BW, Pitts NG & Fukushima K (1979). Reticulospinal connections with limb and axial motoneurons. Exp Brain Res 36, 120.
  • Porter R & Lemon RN (1993). Corticospinal Function and Voluntary Movement. Clarendon Press, Oxford .
  • Rexed B (1954). A cytoarchitectonic atlas of the spinal cord in the cat. J Comp Neurol 100, 297379.
  • Schwindt PC & Crill WE (1980). Properties of a persistent inward current in normal and TEA-injected motoneurons. J Neurophysiol 43, 17001724.
  • Stecina K & Jankowska E (2007). Uncrossed actions of feline corticospinal tract neurones on hindlimb motoneurones evoked via ipsilaterally descending pathways. J Physiol 580, 119132.
  • Takakusaki K, Kohyama J & Matsuyama K (2003). Medullary reticulospinal tract mediating a generalized motor inhibition in cats. III. Functional organization of spinal interneurons in the lower lumbar segments. Neuroscience 121, 731746.
  • Takakusaki K, Kohyama J, Matsuyama K & Mori S (2001). Medullary reticulospinal tract mediating the generalized motor inhibition in cats: parallel inhibitory mechanisms acting on motoneurons and on interneuronal transmission in reflex pathways. Neuroscience 103, 511527.
  • Takakusaki K, Ohta Y & Mori S (1989). Single medullary reticulospinal neurons exert postsynaptic inhibitory effects via inhibitory interneurons upon alpha-motoneurons innervating cat hindlimb muscles. Exp Brain Res 74, 1123.
  • Woolsey CN & Chang H-T (1947). Cortical origin of the pyramidal tract as defined by antidromic volleys from the medullary pyramid. Fed Proc 6, 230.