SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Despite its very low concentration in the plasma membrane, PIP2 is the precursor for the important second messenger InsP3 and, independently, is a key modulator of membrane signalling molecules such as ion channels. However, it has been difficult to determine the spatial and temporal characteristics of PIP2 and InsP3 during a cell signalling event. Our laboratory used bradykinin stimulation of N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells to infer the InsP3 dynamics from calcium imaging studies, biochemical analysis and InsP3 uncaging. We have used computational modelling with Virtual Cell to help analyse and interpret experimental data on the details of the calcium release process as well as to build a comprehensive image-based model of agonist-induced calcium release in a neuronal cell. These data provided a constraint for the further investigation of how low levels of cellular PIP2 could provide sufficient InsP3 for calcium release. Using biochemical assays, quantitative imaging of GFP-based probe translocation and computational analysis, it was shown that PIP2 synthesis is stimulated concomitant with its hydrolysis. This mechanism should be important not just for consideration of PIP2 as a precursor of InsP3, but for any pathway that can be directly or indirectly modulated by PIP2.