SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alam M & Smirk FH (1937). Observations in man upon a blood pressure raising reflex arising from the voluntary muscles. J Physiol 89, 372383.
  • Allen DG, Lamb GD & Westerblad H (2007). Impaired calcium release during fatigue. J Appl Physiol Oct 25, Epub ahead of print.
  • Amann M & Calbet JA (2007). Convective oxygen transport and fatigue. J Appl Physiol Oct 25, Epub ahead of print.
  • Amann M, Eldridge MW, Lovering AT, Stickland MK, Pegelow DF & Dempsey JA (2006). Arterial oxygenation influences central motor output and exercise performance via effects on peripheral locomotor muscle fatigue in humans. J Physiol 575, 937952.
  • Amann M, Romer LM, Subudhi AW, Pegelow DF & Dempsey JA (2007). Severity of arterial hypoxaemia affects the relative contributions of peripheral muscle fatigue to exercise performance in healthy humans. J Physiol 581, 389403.
  • Bassett DR Jr & Howley ET (1997). Maximal oxygen uptake: ‘classical’ versus ‘contemporary’ viewpoints. Med Sci Sports Exerc 29, 591603.
  • Bassett DR Jr & Howley ET (2000). Limiting factors for maximum oxygen uptake and determinants of endurance performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32, 7084.
  • Bergh U, Ekblom B & Astrand PO (2000). Maximal oxygen uptake ‘classical’ versus ‘contemporary’ viewpoints. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32, 8588.
  • Blair SN, Kampert JB, Kohl HW, 3rd Barlow CE, Macera CA, Paffenbarger RS Jr & Gibbons LW (1996). Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women. JAMA 276, 205210.
  • Bouchard C, Daw EW, Rice T, Perusse L, Gagnon J, Province MA, Leon AS, Rao DC, Skinner JS & Wilmore JH (1998). Familial resemblance for inline image in the sedentary state: the HERITAGE family study. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30, 252258.
  • Boushel R, Calbet JA, Radegran G, Sondergaard H, Wagner PD & Saltin B (2001). Parasympathetic neural activity accounts for the lowering of exercise heart rate at high altitude. Circulation 104, 17851791.
  • Brink-Elfegoun T, Kaijser L, Gustafsson T & Ekblom B (2007). Maximal oxygen uptake is not limited by a central nervous system governor. J Appl Physiol 102, 781786.
  • Buick FJ, Gledhill N, Froese AB, Spriet L & Meyers EC (1980). Effect of induced erythrocythemia on aerobic work capacity. J Appl Physiol 48, 636642.
  • Chaitman B (2005). Exercise Stress Testing. In Braunwald's Heart Disease: a Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th edn, ed. Zipes D LP, Bonow R & Braunwald E, pp. 153185. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia .
  • Dempsey JA & Wagner PD (1999). Exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia. J Appl Physiol 87, 19972006.
  • Di Prampero PE (2003). Factors limiting maximal performance in humans. Eur J Appl Physiol 90, 420429.
  • Ekblom B, Astrand PO, Saltin B, Stenberg J & Wallstrom B (1968). Effect of training on circulatory response to exercise. J Appl Physiol 24, 518528.
  • Ekblom B & Berglund B (1991). Effect of erythropoietin administration on maximal aerobic power. Scand J Med Sci Sports 1, 8893.
  • Ekblom B, Goldbarg AN & Gullbring B (1972). Response to exercise after blood loss and reinfusion. J Appl Physiol 33, 175180.
  • Ekblom B & Hermansen L (1968). Cardiac output in athletes. J Appl Physiol 25, 619625.
  • Ferguson S, Gledhill N, Jamnik VK, Wiebe C & Payne N (2001). Cardiac performance in endurance-trained and moderately active young women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33, 11141119.
  • Ferriera L & Reid MB (2008). Redox modulation of muscle fatigue. J Appl Physiol in press.
  • Fitts RH (2008). Cross bridge mechanisms of fatigue. J Appl Physiol in press.
  • Fu Q & Levine BD (2005). Cardiovascular response to exercise in women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 37, 14331435.
  • Fulco CS, Rock PB & Cymerman A (1998). Maximal and submaximal exercise performance at altitude. Aviat Space Environ Med 69, 793801.
  • Gayagay GYuB, Hambly B, Boston T, Hahn A, Celermajer DS & Trent RJ (1998). Elite endurance athletes and the ACE I allele – the role of genes in athletic performance. Hum Genet 103, 4850.
  • Gonzalez-Alonso J, Warburton DE & Gledhill N (2007). Point: counterpoint stroke volume does/does not decline during exercise at maximal effort in healthy individuals. J Appl Physiol Jun 14, Epub ahead of print.
  • Gore CJ, Hahn AG, Scroop GC, Watson DB, Norton KI, Wood RJ, Campbell DP & Emonson DL (1996). Increased arterial desaturation in trained cyclists during maximal exercise at 580 m altitude. J Appl Physiol 80, 22042210.
  • Hagberg JM, Allen WK, Seals DR, Hurley BF, Ehsani AA & Holloszy JO (1985). A hemodynamic comparison of young and older endurance athletes during exercise. J Appl Physiol 58, 20412046.
  • Hagberg JM, Moore GE & Ferrell RE (2001). Specific genetic markers of endurance performance and inline image. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 29, 1519.
  • Haller RG, Henriksson KG, Jorfeldt L, Hultman E, Wibom R, Sahlin K, Areskog NH, Gunder M, Ayyad K, Blomqvist CG & et al . (1991). Deficiency of skeletal muscle succinate dehydrogenase and aconitase. Pathophysiology of exercise in a novel human muscle oxidative defect. J Clin Invest 88, 11971206.
  • Hammond HK, White FC, Bhargava V & Shabetai R (1992). Heart size and maximal cardiac output are limited by the pericardium. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 263, H1675H1681.
  • Hawkins MN, Raven PB, Snell PG, Stray-Gundersen J & Levine BD (2007). Maximal oxygen uptake as a parametric measure of cardiorespiratory capacity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 39, 103107.
  • Hill AV & Lupton H (1923). Muscular exercise, lactic acid, and the supply and utilization of oxygen. Q J Med 16, 135171.
  • Hoppeler H & Weibel ER (2000). Structural and functional limits for oxygen supply to muscle. Acta Physiol Scand 168, 445456.
  • Howlett RA & Hogan MC (2007). Effect of hypoxia on fatigue development in rat muscle composed of different fibre types. Exp Physiol 92, 887894.
  • Jensen K, Johansen L & Secher NH (2001). Influence of body mass on maximal oxygen uptake: effect of sample size. Eur J Appl Physiol 84, 201205.
  • Jilka SM, Joyner MJ, Nittolo JM, Kalis JK, Taylor JA, Lohman TG & Wilmore JH (1988). Maximal exercise responses to acute and chronic beta-adrenergic blockade in healthy male subjects. Med Sci Sports Exerc 20, 570573.
  • Johnson RL (1967). Pulmonary diffusion as a limiting factor in exercise stress. Circ Res 20 (Suppl. 1), S154S160.
  • Joyner MJ (1991). Modeling: optimal marathon performance on the basis of physiological factors. J Appl Physiol 70, 683687.
  • Joyner MJ & Coyle EF (2007). Endurance exercise performance: the physiology of champions. J Physiol Sep 27, Epub ahead of print.
  • Kindig CA, Walsh B, Howlett RA, Stary CM & Hogan MC (2005). Relationship between intracellular PO2 recovery kinetics and fatigability in isolated single frog myocytes. J Appl Physiol 98, 23162319.
  • LaMonte MJ, Fitzgerald SJ, Levine BD, Church TS, Kampert JB, Nichaman MZ, Gibbons LW & Blair SN (2006). Coronary artery calcium, exercise tolerance, and CHD events in asymptomatic men. Atherosclerosis 189, 157162.
  • Lawler J, Powers SK & Thompson D (1988). Linear relationship between inline image and inline image decrement during exposure to acute hypoxia. J Appl Physiol 64, 14861492.
  • Leonard B, Mitchell JH, Mizuno M, Rube N, Saltin B & Secher NH (1985). Partial neuromuscular blockade and cardiovascular responses to static exercise in man. J Physiol 359, 365379.
  • Levine BD, Lane LD, Buckey JC, Friedman DB & Blomqvist CG (1991). Left ventricular pressure–volume and Frank–Starling relations in endurance athletes. Implications for orthostatic tolerance and exercise performance. Circulation 84, 10161023.
  • Levine BD, Lane LD, Watenpaugh DE, Gaffney FA, Buckey JC & Blomqvist CG (1996). Maximal exercise performance after adaptation to microgravity. J Appl Physiol 81, 686694.
  • Levine BD & Stray-Gundersen J (1997). ‘Living high-training low’: effect of moderate-altitude acclimatization with low-altitude training on performance. J Appl Physiol 83, 102112.
  • Levine BD & Stray-Gundersen J (1999). Exercise at High Altitude. In Sports Medicine Secrets, 2nd edn, ed. Mellon MB, pp. 9196. Hanley and Belfus, Inc., Philadelphia .
  • Levine BD, Zuckerman JH & Pawelczyk JA (1997). Cardiac atrophy after bed-rest deconditioning: a nonneural mechanism for orthostatic intolerance. Circulation 96, 517525.
  • Levine B, Zuckerman J, Zhang R & Morrow M (1998). Prolonged intensive endurance training improves ventricular performance via Frank–Starling mechanism. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30, S27.
  • Lewis SF, Haller RG & Blomqvist CG (1984). Neuromuscular diseases as models of cardiovascular regulation during exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 16, 466471.
  • Lucia A, Gomez-Gallego F, Chicharro JL, Hoyos J, Celaya K, Cordova A, Villa G, Alonso JM, Barriopedro M, Perez M & Earnest CP (2005). Is there an association between ACE and CKMM polymorphisms and cycling performance status during 3-week races? Int J Sports Med 26, 442447.
  • Lundby C & Damsgaard R (2006). Exercise performance in hypoxia after novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein treatment. Scand J Med Sci Sports 16, 3540.
  • McGuire DK, Levine BD, Williamson JW, Snell PG, Blomqvist CG, Saltin B & Mitchell JH (2001). A 30-year follow-up of the Dallas Bedrest and Training Study. I. Effect of age on the cardiovascular response to exercise. Circulation 104, 13501357.
  • McKenna MJ, Bangsbo J & Renaud JM (2007). Muscle K+, Na+, Cl disturbances and Na+, K+-pump inactivation: implications for fatigue. J Appl Physiol Oct 25, Epub ahead of print.
  • McKenna MJ & Hargreaves M (2007). Resolving fatigue mechanisms determining exercise performance: integrative physiology at its finest! J Appl Physiol Oct 25, Epub ahead of print.
  • Medbo JI, Mohn AC, Tabata I, Bahr R, Vaage O & Sejersted OM (1988). Anaerobic capacity determined by maximal accumulated O2 deficit [see comments]. J Appl Physiol 64, 5060.
  • Mitchell JH, Kaufman MP & Iwamoto GA (1983). The exercise pressor reflex: its cardiovascular effects, afferent mechanisms, and central pathways. Annu Rev Physiol 45, 229242.
  • Mitchell JH, Reeves DR Jr, Rogers HB, Secher NH & Victor RG (1989). Autonomic blockade and cardiovascular responses to static exercise in partially curarized man. J Physiol 413, 433445.
  • Mitchell JH, Sproule BJ & Chapman CB (1958). The physiological meaning of the maximal oxygen intake test. J Clin Invest 37, 538547.
  • Mitchell JH & Victor RG (1996). Neural control of the cardiovascular system: insights from muscle sympathetic nerve recordings in humans. Med Sci Sports Exercise 28, S60S69.
  • Morrow MJ, Zuckerman JH, Franco F & Levine BD (1997). Myocardial hypertrophy is the primary cardiovascular adaptation to endurance training in sedentary men. Med Sci Sports Exerc 29, S139.
  • Morrow M, Zuckerman J, Franco F & Levine B (1998). The relationship between moderate levels of endurance exercise training and cardiac mass. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30, S26.
  • Myerson S, Hemingway H, Budget R, Martin J, Humphries S & Montgomery H (1999). Human angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene and endurance performance. J Appl Physiol 87, 13131316.
  • Nikolic S, Yellin EL, Tamura K, Vetter H, Tamura T, Meisner JS & Frater RW (1988). Passive properties of canine left ventricle: diastolic stiffness and restoring forces [published erratum appears in Circ Res62, preceding 1059]. Circ Res 62, 12101222.
  • Noakes TD (1997). 1996 J.B. Wolffe Memorial Lecture. Challenging beliefs: ex Africa semper aliquid novi. Med Sci Sports Exerc 29, 571590.
  • Noakes TD (1998). Maximal oxygen uptake: ‘classical’ versus ‘contemporary’ viewpoints: a rebuttal. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30, 13811398.
  • Noakes TD, Calbet JA, Boushel R, Sondergaard H, Radegran G, Wagner PD & Saltin B (2004a). Central regulation of skeletal muscle recruitment explains the reduced maximal cardiac output during exercise in hypoxia. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 287, R996999; author reply R999–1002.
  • Noakes TD, Peltonen JE & Rusko HK (2001). Evidence that a central governor regulates exercise performance during acute hypoxia and hyperoxia. J Exp Biol 204, 32253234.
  • Noakes TD & St Clair Gibson A (2004). Logical limitations to the ‘catastrophe’ models of fatigue during exercise in humans. Br J Sports Med 38, 648649.
  • Noakes TD, St Clair Gibson A & Lambert EV (2004b). From catastrophe to complexity: a novel model of integrative central neural regulation of effort and fatigue during exercise in humans. Br J Sports Med 38, 511514.
  • Pawelczyk JA, Hanel B, Pawelczyk RA, Warberg J & Secher NH (1992). Leg vasoconstriction during dynamic exercise with reduced cardiac output. J Appl Physiol 73, 18381846.
  • Pelliccia A, Culasso F, Di Paolo FM & Maron BJ (1999). Physiologic left ventricular cavity dilatation in elite athletes [see comments]. Ann Intern Med 130, 2331.
  • Peronnet F, Thibault G & Cousineau D (1991). A theoretical analysis of the effect of altitude on running performance. J Appl Physiol 70, 399404.
  • Raven P (2006). Neural control of the circulation during exercise: themed issue. Exp Physiol 91, 2526 (all papers: 27–119).
  • Richardson RS, Grassi B, Gavin TP, Haseler LJ, Tagore K, Roca J & Wagner PD (1999). Evidence of O2 supply-dependent inline image in the exercise-trained human quadriceps. J Appl Physiol 86, 10481053.
  • Rowell LB (1986). Circulatory adjustments to dynamic exercise. In Human Circulation Regulation During Physical Stress, pp. 213256. Oxford University Press, New York .
  • Saltin B (1996). The physiology of competitive cross country skiing across a four decade perspective; with a note on training induced adaptations and role of training at medium altitude. In Science and Skiing, eds. Müller E, Schwameder H, Kornxl E, Raschner C, pp. 435469. E & FN Spon, London .
  • Saltin B & Calbet JA (2006). Point: in health and in a normoxic environment, inline image is limited primarily by cardiac output and locomotor muscle blood flow. J Appl Physiol 100, 744745.
  • Saltin B, Larsen H, Terrados N, Bangsbo J, Bak T, Kim CK, Svedenhag J & Rolf CJ (1995). Aerobic exercise capacity at sea level and at altitude in Kenyan boys, junior and senior runners compared with Scandinavian runners. Scand J Med Sci Sport 5, 209221.
  • Saltin B & Strange S (1992). Maximal oxygen uptake: ‘old’ and ‘new’ arguments for a cardiovascular limitation. Med Sci Sports Exercise 24, 3037.
  • Savard GK, Areskog NH & Saltin B (1995). Cardiovascular response to exercise in humans following acclimatization to extreme altitude. Acta Physiol Scand 154, 499509.
  • Scott RA, Moran C, Wilson RH, Onywera V, Boit MK, Goodwin WH, Gohlke P, Payne J, Montgomery H & Pitsiladis YP (2005). No association between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene variation and endurance athlete status in Kenyans. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 141, 169175.
  • Secher NH, Clausen JP, Klausen K, Noer I & Trap-Jensen J (1977). Central and regional circulatory effects of adding arm exercise to leg exercise. Acta Physiol Scand 100, 288297.
  • Stray-Gundersen J, Musch TI, Haidet GC, Swain DP, Ordway GA & Mitchell JH (1986). The effect of pericardiectomy on maximal oxygen consumption and maximal cardiac output in untrained dogs. Circ Res 58, 523530.
  • Sutton JR, Reeves JT, Groves BM, Wagner PD, Alexander JK, Hultgren HN, Cymerman A & Houston CS (1992). Oxygen transport and cardiovascular function at extreme altitude: lessons from Operation Everest II. Int J Sports Med 13, S13S17.
  • Sutton JR, Reeves JT, Wagner PD, Groves BM, Cymerman A, Malconian MK, Rock PB, Young PM, Walter SD & Houston CS (1988a). Operation Everest II. Oxygen transport during exercise at extreme simulated altitude. J Appl Physiol 64, 13091321.
  • Sutton JR, Reeves JT, Wagner PD, Groves BM, Cymerman A, Malconian MK, Rock PB, Young PM, Walter SD & Houston CS (1988b). Operation Everest II: oxygen transport during exercise at extreme simulated altitude. J Appl Physiol 64, 13091321.
  • Taivassalo T, Jensen TD, Kennaway N, DiMauro S, Vissing J & Haller RG (2003). The spectrum of exercise tolerance in mitochondrial myopathies: a study of 40 patients. Brain 126, 413423.
  • Taylor HL, Buskirk E & Henschel A (1955). Maximal oxygen intake as an objective measure of cardio-respiratory performance. J Appl Physiol 8, 7380.
  • Terrados N, Mizuno M & Andersen H (1985). Reduction in maximal oxygen uptake at low altitudes. Role of training status and lung function. Clin Physiol 5, 7579.
  • Thelen DG, Chumanov ES, Sherry MA & Heiderscheit BC (2006). Neuromusculoskeletal models provide insights into the mechanisms and rehabilitation of hamstring strains. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 34, 135141.
  • Todd G, Taylor JL, Butler JE, Martin PG, Gorman RB & Gandevia SC (2007). Use of motor cortex stimulation to measure simultaneously the changes in dynamic muscle properties and voluntary activation in human muscles. J Appl Physiol 102, 17561766.
  • Torre-Bueno JR, Wagner PD, Saltzman HA, Gale GE & Moon RE (1985). Diffusion limitation in normal humans during exercise at sea level and simulated altitude. J Appl Physiol 58, 989995.
  • Tsianos G, Sanders J, Dhamrait S, Humphries S, Grant S & Montgomery H (2004). The ACE gene insertion/deletion polymorphism and elite endurance swimming. Eur J Appl Physiol 92, 360362.
  • Wagner PD (1993). Algebraic analysis of the determinants of inline image. [published erratum appears in Respir Physiol95, 238]. Respir Physiol 93, 221237.
  • Wagner PD (1996a). Determinants of maximal oxygen transport and utilization. Annu Rev Physiol 58, 2150.
  • Wagner PD (1996b). A theoretical analysis of factors determining inline image at sea level and altitude. Respir Physiol 106, 329343.
  • Wagner PD (2006). Counterpoint: in health and in normoxic environment VO2max is limited primarily by cardiac output and locomotor muscle blood flow. J Appl Physiol 100, 745747; discussion 747–748.
  • Weber KT, Janicki JS & McElroy PA (1987). Determination of aerobic capacity and the severity of chronic cardiac and circulatory failure. Circulation 76, VI40145.
  • Wehrlin JP & Hallen J (2006). Linear decrease in. inline image and performance with increasing altitude in endurance athletes. Eur J Appl Physiol 96, 404412.
  • Williamson JW, Fadel PJ & Mitchell JH (2006). New insights into central cardiovascular control during exercise in humans: a central command update. Exp Physiol 91, 5158.
  • Woods D, Hickman M, Jamshidi Y, Brull D, Vassiliou V, Jones A, Humphries S & Montgomery H (2001). Elite swimmers and the D allele of the ACE I/D polymorphism. Hum Genet 108, 230232.
  • Yellin EL, Nikolic S & Frater RW (1990). Left ventricular filling dynamics and diastolic function. Prog Cardiovascular Dis 32, 247271.
  • Young AJ, Sawka MN, Muza SR, Boushel R, Lyons T, Rock PB, Freund BJ, Waters R, Cymerman A, Pandolf KB & Valeri CR (1996). Effects of erythrocyte infusion on inline image at high altitude. J Appl Physiol 81, 252259.