Dosimetric characterization of Ir-192 LDR elongated sources



Ir-192 wires have been used in low-dose-rate brachytherapy for many years. Commercially available treatment planning systems approximate the dose rate distribution of the straight or curved wires applying the superposition principle using one of the following methods: (i) The wire is modeled as a set of point sources, (ii) the wire is modeled as a set of small straight segment wires, (iii) the values of the parameters and functions of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) Task Group 43 protocol are obtained for wire lengths between 3 and 7cm assuming some simplifications. The dose rate distributions obtained using these methods for linear wires of different lengths and U-shaped wires present significant deviations compared to those obtained by Monte Carlo. In the present study we propose a new method to model Ir192 wires of any length and shape, named the Two Lengths based Segmented method. This method uses the formalism stated in the AAPM Task Group 43 protocol for two straight wires only, 0.5 and 1cm, to obtain the dose rate distribution around wires of any length (down to 0.3cm and up to 10cm) improving on the results of the aforementioned ones. This method can easily be applied to dose calculations around other wires, such as Pd-103 ones.