SU-E-T-369: Experience of Using 6D Robotic Couch Top in the Treatment of Intracranial Tumors Utilizing Frameless Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) Technique

Authors


Abstract

Purpose:

To investigate the extent and necessity of 6 DOF corrections for intracranial frameless Stereotactic Radiosurgery

Methods:

Civco Protura 6D robotic couch top was fitted to the Novalis TX in 2012. The couch enables ± 3 ° rotations in pitch, roll and yaw, ±50 mm in lateral and longitudinal shifts and ±25 mm in vertical shifts. Patient sets up using the room laser; then two orthogonal kV images are taken for confirmation. A CBCT is acquired and registered to the planning CT using two independent systems. The calculated rotational and translational shifts are applied. A second CBCT is acquired to assess the residual translational and rotational errors. The treatment will be carried out if residual rotational shifts are ≤ 0.3 degrees. We treated 113 patients utilizing 6D couch to align a total of 160 targets. Some of the targets were fractionated, with total alignments of 252. Geometrical analysis is performed to assess the system's accuracy and extent of shifts.

Results:

After the planar kV images alignment, a CBCT was acquired and registered to the planning CT, the average required rotational shifts were (yaw=1.03 °± 0.8, roll=1.16°± 0.9 and Pitch= 0.9°± 0.7). A second CBCT was taken to verify the match and the previous shifts, the residual rotational errors on average were 0.37°± 0.6, 0.27°± 0.28 and 0.24°± 0.29 in the yaw, roll, and pitch directions, respectively. The translational residual shifts (mm) were 0.68 ± 0.57, 0.68 ± 0.57, 0.68 ± 0.57 in lateral, vertical, and longitudinal directions, respectively.

Conclusion:

The 6D couch is capable of aligning targets with an accuracy of ≤ 0.4 ° in any rotational direction and ≤ 0.7 mm in any translational directions, and not applying the rotational corrections could lead to compromised target dose coverage and may lead to excessive dose to OARs.

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