SU-E-T-605: A New Design for a Rotating Gamma Knife. Monte Carlo Simulation




to determine the characteristics of the 60Co beam emerging from a new design of a rotating Gamma Knife system and to calculate 3D dose distributions at the isocenter for different source configurations and collimator openings.


We employed the BEAM-Monte Carlo code to realistically model the geometry design, including 30 60Co source capsules, two circular primary collimators (diameter of 6.6mm and 6.1mm) and four different changeable collimators. The shielding of the head design was also simulated. The sources (2.8mm diameter) are distributed in six groups in the spherical geometry. Each source is individually collimated to obtained four different circular fields at the isocenter (3mm, 3.5mm, 6mm and 8mm). The phase-space particles reaching the scoring plane below the primary collimation assembly were recorded and the BEAMDP code was used to determine the fluence and energy spectra of the particles emerging from each source-collimator configuration. The dose distributions at the isocenter plane (397.6mm from the source) were calculated in a spherical component module for the circular field sizes studied.


The energy spectra below the head assembly and primary collimators have been obtained, which exhibited the typical 60Co peaks and a small low-energy tail due to scattered photons (from about 200keV to 1MeV). The scattered component of the spectra represents about 8 % of the total number of photons reaching the scoring plane. The radial photon fluence does not vary significantly inside the collimator openings. The spectra of particles from different source groups are compared.


The 60Co beam emerging from each source configuration was characterized, which can be used to establish a generic source model for all the sources for fast MC dose calculation. Further investigations are needed to determine the dose variations as a result of partial switching on/off different groups of sources for advanced Gamma Knife SRS/SBRT planning.