SU-C-213-04: Application of Depth Sensing and 3D-Printing Technique for Total Body Irradiation (TBI) Patient Measurement and Treatment Planning

Authors

  • Lee M,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    2. Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    3. Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States
    4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
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  • Han B,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    2. Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    3. Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States
    4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
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  • Jenkins C,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    2. Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    3. Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States
    4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
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  • Xing L,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    2. Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    3. Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States
    4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
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  • Suh T

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    2. Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    3. Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, United States
    4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
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Abstract

Purpose:

To develop and validate an innovative method of using depth sensing cameras and 3D printing techniques for Total Body Irradiation (TBI) treatment planning and compensator fabrication.

Methods:

A tablet with motion tracking cameras and integrated depth sensing was used to scan a RANDOTM phantom arranged in a TBI treatment booth to detect and store the 3D surface in a point cloud (PC) format. The accuracy of the detected surface was evaluated by comparison to extracted measurements from CT scan images. The thickness, source to surface distance and off-axis distance of the phantom at different body section was measured for TBI treatment planning. A 2D map containing a detailed compensator design was calculated to achieve uniform dose distribution throughout the phantom. The compensator was fabricated using a 3D printer, silicone molding and tungsten powder. In vivo dosimetry measurements were performed using optically stimulated luminescent detectors (OSLDs).

Results:

The whole scan of the anthropomorphic phantom took approximately 30 seconds. The mean error for thickness measurements at each section of phantom compare to CT was 0.44 ± 0.268 cm. These errors resulted in approximately 2% dose error calculation and 0.4 mm tungsten thickness deviation for the compensator design. The accuracy of 3D compensator printing was within 0.2 mm. In vivo measurements for an end-to-end test showed the overall dose difference was within 3%.

Conclusion:

Motion cameras and depth sensing techniques proved to be an accurate and efficient tool for TBI patient measurement and treatment planning. 3D printing technique improved the efficiency and accuracy of the compensator production and ensured a more accurate treatment delivery.

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