SU-E-T-330: Dosimetric Impact of Intrafraction Respiratory Motion On Lung SBRT Treatment Using Cyberknife 0-View Tracking Mode




To investigate the influence of respiratory motion on the delivered dose in lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) using Cyberknife (CK) 0-View tracking mode.


CT scans at inspiration and expiration of an anthropomorphic motion phantom were fused base on the spine and an internal target volume (ITV) was created. A 5mm expansion around the ITV resulted in the planning target volume. Three CK plans were generated in Accuray MultiPlan using Lung Optimization Tracking 0-View technique with the minimum MU per beam set to (a) 5MU, (b) 15MU and (c) 30MU, respectively. Doses were calculated on the expiration CT using Monte-Carlo algorithm. Each plan was delivered 5 times with a range of different starting phases in the respiratory cycle to assess the dose variation due to interplay effect. The delivered dose was measured with EBT3 Gafchromic film which was inserted in the moving target of the phantom. The target motion range is 3 cm in superior-inferior (SI) direction with the breathing period of 5 seconds.


The gamma analysis (5%/2mm) of the dose with the films in the transverse plane resulted in average passing rate of 95.5±4.1%, 96.7±2.6%, and 96.2±2.5% for plan (a), (b), and (c), respectively. For the sagittal films, the average passing rate was 91.1±4.9%, 92.1±3.6%, and 92.3±2.9% for the three plans, respectively. The disagreement between measurement and dose calculations were mostly on the target edges in SI direction. The mean measured versus calculated dose differences at the edge of target in SI direction were (a) 3.9±4.8%, (b) 2.4±3.3%, and (c) 2.2±3.2% for the three plans, respectively.


The plans with low-MU beams (below 10MU) tend to cause slightly larger dose variation. However in terms of target coverage, the overall clinical dosimetric impact of the intrafraction respiratory motion in lung SBRT is insignificant when averaged over 3∼5 fractions.