SU-E-T-506: Intercomparison Study On Small Field Output Factor Measurements

Authors

  • Talamonti C,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Casati M,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Compagnucci A,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Arilli C,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Greto D,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Marrazzo L,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Pallotta S,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Zani M,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Marinelli M,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Menichelli D,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Scotti L,

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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  • Verona G

    1. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    2. Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    3. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    4. Universita’ degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    5. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
    6. IBA Dosimetry, Schwarzenbruck, DE
    7. Tecnologie Avanzate TA srl, Torino, Italy
    8. Universita’ di Roma Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy
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Abstract

Purpose

In radiotherapy, uncertainties due to small field measurements (SFM) introduce systematic errors to the treatment process and the development of new dosimeters for quality assurance programs is a challenge. In this work we analyze the behavior of seven detectors measuring output factors of 6MV photon beam.

Methods

The dosimeters employed are: a single cristal diamond detector (SCCD) developed at the University of Rome Tor Vergata, a silicon diode developed within the project MAESTRO, a IBA Razor silicon diode, A1SL and A26 Exradin ion chambers, an EBT3 Gafchromic film and the Exradin W1 Scintillator.Diamond sensitive volume is a cylinder 2.2mm in diameter and 1μm thick. MAESTRO diode is 2×2mm2 active area. Razor sensitive volume is a cylinder 0.6 mm in diameter and 0.02 mm thick. A16 and A1Sl have a collecting volume of 0,015cc and 0,053cc. The W1 is an optical fiber with an active volume of 0.002cc. All measurements were performed in a water phantom, with detector positioned at the isocenter (SSD=90cm, d=10cm), MAESTRO diode being sandwiched in solid water to obtain an equivalent experimental setup.

Results

These measurements are challenging due to the absence of charged particle equilibrium conditions, detector size and positioning problems. They are in good agreement among each other, especially GAF, Razor, W1 and SCDD. Maximum deviations reported are related to the field 0.8×0.8cm2 for MAESTRO and chambers data with respect to EBT3: around 15% (A1SLvsEBT3), 16% (MAESTROvsEBT3). Razor and W1 show a deviation around 3% with respect to SCDD.

Conclusion

In this work measurements made with a variety of detectors are compared. These study show the possibility to choose different detectors for SFM and that smaller ion chambers are still not competitive with solid state detectors. Silicon, diamond and optical fiber dosimeters show a similar behavior with minor discrepancies for the smallest field.

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