SU-E-T-594: Out-Of-Field Neutron and Gamma Dose Estimated Using TLD-600/700 Pairs in the Wobbling Proton Therapy System

Authors

  • Chen Y,

    1. College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    2. Medical Physics Research Center, Institute for Radiological Research, Chang Gung University / Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    3. Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    4. Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
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  • Lin Y,

    1. College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    2. Medical Physics Research Center, Institute for Radiological Research, Chang Gung University / Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    3. Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    4. Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
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  • Chen H,

    1. College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    2. Medical Physics Research Center, Institute for Radiological Research, Chang Gung University / Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    3. Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    4. Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
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  • Tsai H

    1. College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    2. Medical Physics Research Center, Institute for Radiological Research, Chang Gung University / Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    3. Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    4. Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan
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Abstract

Purpose:

Secondary fast neutrons and gamma rays are mainly produced due to the interaction of the primary proton beam with the beam delivery nozzle. These secondary radiation dose to patients and radiation workers are unwanted. The purpose of this study is to estimate the neutron and gamma dose equivalent out of the treatment volume during the wobbling proton therapy system.

Methods:

Two types of thermoluminescent (TL) dosimeters, TLD-600 (6LiF: Mg, Ti) and TLD-700 (7LiF: Mg, Ti) were used in this study. They were calibrated in the standard neutron and gamma sources at National Standards Laboratory. Annealing procedure is 400°C for 1 hour, 100°C for 2 hours and spontaneously cooling down to the room temperature in a programmable oven. Two-peak method (a kind of glow curve analysis technique) was used to evaluate the TL response corresponding to the neutron and gamma dose. The TLD pairs were placed outside the treatment field at the neutron-gamma mixed field with 190-MeV proton beam produced by the wobbling system through the polyethylene plate phantom. The results of TLD measurement were compared to the Monte Carlo simulation.

Results:

The initial experiment results of calculated dose equivalents are 0.63, 0.38, 0.21 and 0.13 mSv per Gy outside the field at the distance of 50, 100, 150 and 200 cm.

Conclusion:

The TLD-600 and TLD-700 pairs are convenient to estimate neutron and gamma dosimetry during proton therapy. However, an accurate and suitable glow curve analysis technique is necessary. During the wobbling system proton therapy, our results showed that the neutron and gamma doses outside the treatment field are noticeable.

This study was supported by the grants from the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CMRPD1C0682).

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