SU-F-P-21: Study of Dosimetry Accuracy of Small Passively Scattered Proton Beam Fields

Authors


Abstract

Purpose:

To study the accuracy of the dose distribution of very small irregular fields of passively scattered proton beams calculated by the analytical pencil beam model of the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS).

Methods:

An irregular field with a narrow region (width < 1 cm) that was used for the treatment of a small volume adjacent to a previously treated area were chosen for this investigation. Point doses at different locations inside the field were measured with a small volume ion chamber (A26, Standard Imaging). 2-D dose distributions were measured using a 2-D ion chamber array (MatriXX, IBA). All the measurements were done in plastic water phantom. The measured dose distributions were compared with the verification plan dose calculated in a water like phantom for the patient treatment field without the use of the compensator.

Results:

Point doses measured with the ion chamber in the narrowest section of the field were found to differ as much as 10% from the Eclipse calculated dose at some of the points. The 2-D dose distribution measured with the MatriXX which was validated by comparison with limited film measurement, at the proximal 95%, center of the spread out Bragg Peak and distal 90% depths agreed reasonably well with the TPS calculated dose distribution with more than 92% of the pixels passing the 2% / 2 mm dose distance agreement.

Conclusion:

The dose calculated by the pencil beam model of the Eclipse TPS for narrow irregular fields may not be accurate within 5% at some locations of the field, especially at the points close to the field edge due to the limitation of the dose calculation model. Overall accuracy of the calculated 2-D dose distribution was found to be acceptable for the 2%/2 mm dose/distance agreement with the measurement.

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