Fifty-eighth annual meeting of the american association of physicists in medicine
SU-F-J-182: Investigation of Systems for Improved Accuracy in Clinical Y-90 Percent Delivered Calculations
Y-90 Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) is used to treat liver tumors, and by nature has variability in the percent of the intended dose that is actually delivered. To determine the quality of the administration, pre and post activity measurements are taken, and used to infer percent delivered. Vendor specifications indicate the use of an ion chamber to take these measurements. In our work, we investigated the accuracy of ion chambers, and compared them to other detector systems.
We have built phantoms, phantom holders, and protocols, which allow us to measure our Y90 doses with varying apparatuses: a dose calibrator, a Geiger-counter, an ion chamber, a crystal based thyroid probe, and a gamma camera. We have set up a system that has enabled us to gather data by measuring clinical Y90 doses as they are used in the clinic using all of the instrumental methods. Five initial doses (25 measurements/acquisitions) have been taken at the time of this abstract submission.
Our initial results show that measurements acquired using scintillation based detectors (thyroid probe and gamma camera) correlate better with the gold standard (i.e. the dose calibrator). Pearson correlations between the dose calibrator measurements and the GM counter, Ion chamber, thyroid probe, and gamma camera were found to be 0.88, 0.83, 0.98, 0.99, respectively. More acquisitions and analysis are planned to determine the precision of the systems, as well as optimal energy window settings.
It is likely that current standard practice can be improved using scintillation crystal based detectors. Such systems are more sensitive, can integrate signal, and can use energy discrimination. Furthermore, phantoms can be built to integrate with probe and gamma camera systems that are robust and provide reproducibility. Future work will include expanded acquisition and analysis.