SU-F-T-220: Validation of Hounsfield Unit-To-Stopping Power Ratio Calibration Used for Dose Calculation in Proton Radiotherapy




To validate the stoichiometric calibration of the Hounsfield Unit (HU) to Stopping Power Ratio (SPR) calibration used to commission a commercial treatment planning system (TPS) for proton radiotherapy dose calculation. Methods and Materials: The water equivalent thickness (WET) of several individual pig tissues (lung, fat, muscle, liver, intestine, rib, femur), mixed tissue samples (muscle/rib, ice/femur, rib/air cavity/muscle), and an intact pig head were measured with a multi-layer ionization chamber (MLIC). A CT scan of each sample was obtained and imported into a commercial TPS. The WET calculated by the TPS for each tissue sample was compared to the measured WET value to determine the accuracy of the HU-to-SPR calibration curve used by the TPS to calculate dose.


The WET values calculated by the TPS showed good agreement (< 2.0%) with the measured values for bone and all soft tissues except fat (3.1% difference). For the mixed tissue samples and the intact pig head measurements, the difference in the TPS and measured WET values all agreed to within 3.5%. In addition, SPR values were calculated from the measured WET of each tissue, and compared to SPR values of reference tissues from ICRU 46 used to generate the HU-to-SPR calibration for the TPS.


For clinical scenarios where the beam passes through multiple tissue types and its path is dominated by soft tissues, we believe using an uncertainty of 3.5% of the planned beam range is acceptable to account for uncertainties in the TPS WET determination.