SU-F-T-389: Validation in 4D Dosimetry Using Dynamic Phantom




Tumor motion due to respiration causes the uncertainties during the radiotherapy. This study aims to find the differences between planning dose by treatment planning and the received dose using dynamic phantom.


Respiratory motion was simulated by the DYNAMIC THORAX PHANTOM (Model 008A). 4D-CT scans and maximum intensity projection (MIP) images for GTV were acquired for analysis. The amplitude of craniocaudal tumor motion including 2mm, 5mm, 10mm and 20mm with 3cm2 tumor size were performed in this study. The respiratory cycles of 4-seconds and 6-seconds were included as the different breathing modes. IMRT, VAMT, and Tomotherapy were utilized for treatment planning. Ion chamber and EBT3 were used to measure the point dose and planar dose. Dose distributions with different amplitudes, respiratory cycles, and planning techniques were all measured and compared to calculations.


The variations between the does measurements and calculation dose by treatment planning system were found in both point dose and dose distribution. The 0.83% and 5.46 % differences in dose average were shown on phantom with motions using 2mm amplitude in 4 second respiratory cycle, and 20mm amplitude in 4 second respiratory cycle, respectively. The most point dose overestimation as compared of the calculations was shown the plan generated by Tomotherapy. The underestimations of planar dose as compared of calculations was found in the 100% coverage doses for GTV.


The loss of complete (100%) GTV coverage was the predominant effect of respiratory motion observed in this study. Motion amplitude and treatment planning system were the major factors leading the dose measurement variation as compared of planning calculations.