SU-F-T-528: Relationship Between Tumor Size and Plan Quality Using FFF and Non-FFF Modes in Rapidarc




For a give PTV dose, beam-on time is shorter in the FFF than the non-FFF mode because of higher MU/min. Larger tumors usually require more complex intensity modulation, which might affect plan quality and total MU. We investigated the relationship between PTV size and plan quality using FFF and non-FFF modes.


Two different PTV volumes (PTV and PTV+1 cm margin) were drawn in brain, lung and liver. 3-full to 7-partial arc (Rapidarc) of 6 MV, 1400 MU/min were studied. Plan quality was evaluated by: (a) DVH for PTV and normal tissues, (b) total MU and beam-on time, and (c) passing rate for IMRT plan QA.


For the same PTV coverage, DVH for normal tissue was the same or slightly lower in the FFF compared with non-FFF. Total MU was 13% higher in FFF than non-FFF in the 3-arc, 7 Gy treatment, but the difference became smaller when arc number increased to 6–7 for 10–24 Gy. Larger PTV did not affect the difference in the total MU. FFF required a short beam-on time and the ratio of FFF and non-FFF was 0.34 to 0.88 for 7- and 3-arc, respectively. For larger PTV, the ratio increased to 0.45–0.90. Ratio of total MU for large PTV was 3–8% lower in the non-FFF plans. Although the small difference in MU, beam-on time was 1.1 to-1.6 times longer in the 3- and 7-arc non-FFF plans. Plan verification showed the similar gamma index passing rate.


While total MU was similar with FFF and non-FFF modes, the beam-on time was shorter in the FFF treatment. The advantage of FFF was greater in treatments with high dose per fraction using more arc numbers. For dose less than 10 Gy, using FFF and non-FFF modes, tumor size did not affect the relationship of total MU, beam-on time.