SU-G-JeP1-04: Characterization of a High-Definition Optical Patient Surface Tracking System Across Five Installations




To assess the performance of Varian's real-time, Optical Surface Monitoring System (OSMS) by measuring relative regular and irregular surface detection accuracy in 6 degrees of motion (6DoM), across multiple installations.


Varian's Intracranial SRS Package includes OSMS, which utilizes 3 HD camera/projector pods to map a patient surface, track intra-fraction motion, and gate the treatment beam if motion exceeds a threshold. To evaluate motion-detection accuracy of OSMS, we recorded shifts of a cube-shaped phantom on a single Varian TrueBeam linear accelerator as known displacements were performed incrementally across 6DoM. A subset of these measurements was repeated on identical OSMS installations. Phantom motion was driven using the TrueBeam treatment couch, and incremented across ±2cm in steps of 0.1mm, 1mm, and 1cm in the cardinal planes, and across ±40° in steps of 0.1°, 1°, and 5° in the rotational (couch kick) direction. Pitch and Roll were evaluated across ±2.5° in steps of 0.1° and 1°. We then repeated this procedure with a frameless SRS setup with a head phantom in a QFix Encompass mask.


Preliminary data show OSMS is capable of detecting regular-surfaced phantom displacement within 0.03±0.04mm in the cardinal planes, and within 0.01±0.03° rotation across all planes for multiple installations. In a frameless SRS setup, OSMS is accurate to within 0.10±0.07mm and 0.04±0.07° across 6DoM. Additionally, a reproducible “thermal drift” was observed during the first 15min of monitoring each day, and characterized by recording displacement of a stationary phantom each minute for 25min. Drift settled after 15min to an average delta of 0.26±0.03mm and 0.38±0.03mm from the initial capture in the Y and Z directions, respectively.


For both regular surfaces and clinical SRS situations, OSMS exceeds quoted detection accuracy. To reduce error, a warm-up period should be employed to allow camera/projector pod thermal stabilization.