Fifty-eighth annual meeting of the american association of physicists in medicine
SU-G-JeP4-05: Effects of Irregular Respiratory Motion On the Positioning Accuracy of Moving Target with Free Breathing Cone-Beam Computerized Tomography
Average or maximum intensity projection (AIP or MIP) images derived from 4DCT images are often used as a reference image for target alignment when free breathing Cone-beam CT (FBCBCT) is used for positioning a moving target at treatment. This method can be highly accurate if the patient has stable respiratory motion. However, a patient's breathing pattern often varies irregularly. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of irregular respiration on the positioning accuracy of a moving target with FBCBCT.
Eight patients’ respiratory motion curves were selected to drive a Quasar phantom with embedded cubic and spherical targets. A 4DCT of the moving phantom was acquired on a CT scanner (Philips Brilliance 16) equipped with a Varian RPM system. The phase binned 4DCT images and the corresponding MIP and AIP images were transferred into Eclipse for analysis. CBCTs of the phantom driven by the same breathing curves were acquired on a Varian TrueBeam and fused such that the zero positions of moving targets are the same on both CBCT and AIP images. The sphere and cube volumes and centrioid differences (alignment error) determined by MIP, AIP and FBCBCT images were compared.
Compared to the volume determined by FBCBCT, the volumes of cube and sphere in MIP images were 22.4%±8.8% and 34.2%±6.2% larger while the volumes in AIP images were 7.1%±6.2% and 2.7%±15.3% larger, respectively. The alignment errors for the cube and sphere with center-center matches between MIP and FBCBCT were 3.5±3.1mm and 3.2±2.3mm, and the alignment errors between AIP and FBCBCT were 2.1±2.6mm and 2.1±1.7mm, respectively.
AIP images appear to be superior reference images than MIP images. However, irregular respiratory motions could compromise the positioning accuracy of a moving target if the target center-center match is used to align FBCBCT and AIP images.