Fifty-eighth annual meeting of the american association of physicists in medicine
WE-AB-207B-03: A Computational Methodology for Determination of CTV-To-PTV Margins with Inter Fractional Shape Variations Based On a Statistical Point Distribution Model for Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy
Our assumption was that interfractional shape variations of target volumes could not be negligible for determination of clinical target volume (CTV)-to-planning target volume (PTV) margins. The aim of this study was to investigate this assumption as a simulation study by developing a computational framework of CTV-to-PTV margins with taking the interfractional shape variations into account based on point distribution model (PDM)
The systematic and random errors for interfractional shape variations and translations of target volumes were evaluated for four types of CTV regions (only a prostate, a prostate plus proximal 1-cm seminal vesicles, a prostate plus proximal 2-cm seminal vesicles, and a prostate plus whole seminal vesicles). The CTV regions were delineated depending on prostate cancer risk groups on planning computed tomography (CT) and cone beam CT (CBCT) images of 73 fractions of 10 patients. The random and systematic errors for shape variations of CTV regions were derived from PDMs of CTV surfaces for all fractions of each patient. Systematic errors of shape variations of CTV regions were derived by comparing PDMs between planning CTV surfaces and average CTV surfaces. Finally, anisotropic CTV-to-PTV margins with shape variations in 6 directions (anterior, posterior, superior, inferior, right, and left) were computed by using a van Herk margin formula.
Differences between CTV-to-PTV margins with and without shape variations ranged from 0.7 to 1.7 mm in anterior direction, 1.0 to 2.8 mm in posterior direction, 0.8 to 2.8 mm in superior direction, 0.6 to 1.6 mm in inferior direction, 1.4 to 4.4 mm in right direction, and 1.3 to 5.2 mm in left direction.
More than 1.0 mm additional margins were needed at least in 3 directions to guarantee CTV coverage due to shape variations. Therefore, shape variations should be taken into account for the determination of CTV-to-PTV margins.