WE-AB-207B-04: A Preliminary Investigation of Indicators for Treatment Outcomes of CT Guided Cervical Cancer Brachytherapy

Authors


Abstract

Purpose:

To identify indicators for recurrence in cervical cancer patients treated with high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT).

Methods:

A total of 37 biopsy proven uterine cervical cancer patients of stage IB-IVA treated between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. All patients were treated with 37.8–52.2Gy of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) plus 5 × 5.0–6.5Gy of HDR-BT. Patient age, standard deviation of high-risk clinical tumor volume (HR-CTVSD) collected throughout HDR-BT, and D90 (EQD2, α/β=10Gy) of the HR-CTV were investigated as potential indicators for local/distant recurrence using ROC analysis. The optimal cutoff value was identified through the Youden index and was subsequently used to obtain a group assignment for all patients. Another two comparing groups were defined per evidence of post-EBRT tumor shrinkage based on the pre-HDR MR scan. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated for recurrence-free proportions for comparing groups where time was measured from the final HDR treatment date to the date of the final follow-up exam and compared through Cox regression.

Results:

Patients had a median follow-up of 12 months, where 16% had local pelvic recurrence and 16% had distant recurrence. HR-CTVSD was identified as a statistically significant indicator for recurrence (AUC=0.802, p=0.007) compared to D90 (AUC=0.655, p=0.167) and patient age (AUC=0.683, p=0.103). HR-CTVSD of 6.26cc was chosen as the optimal cutoff value, which was used as the basis for patient group assignment. Patients with HR-CTVSD>6.26cc had a hazard ratio of 3.92 (95% CI-1.37, 11.24; p=0.011) for recurrence compared to HRCTVSD≤ 6.26cc. Patients without evidence of post-EBRT tumor shrinkage compared to those with had a hazard ratio of 4.28 (95% CI-1.14, 16.15; p=0.032) for recurrence.

Conclusion:

HR-CTVSD was identified as an indicator for recurrence and an optimal value of 6.26cc was established in our study. In addition, patients without evidence of post-EBRT tumor shrinkage demonstrated an increased recurrence rate.

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