The delivery techniques for SRS/SBRT have been under rapid developments in recent years, which pose new challenges to medical physicists ranging from planning and quality assurance to imaging and motion management. This educational course will provide a general overview of the latest delivery techniques in SRS/SBRT, and discuss the clinical processes to address the challenges of each technique with special emphasis on dedicated gamma-ray based device, robotic x-band linac-based system and conventional C-arm s-band linac-based SRS systems.
(1). Gamma-ray based SRS/SRT: This is the gold standard of intracranial SRS. With the advent of precision imaging guidance and frameless patient positioning capabilities, novel stereoscopic CBCT and automatic dose adaption solution are introduced to the Gamma-ray based SRS for the first time. The first North American system has been approved by the US regulatory for patient treatments in the spring of 2016.
(2). Robotic SRS/SBRT system: A number of technological milestones have been developed in the past few years, including variable aperture collimator, sequential optimization technique, and the time reduction technique. Recently, a new robotic model allows the option of a multi-leaf collimator. These technological advances have reduced the treatment time and improved dose conformity significantly and could potentially expand the application of radiosurgery for the treatment of targets not previously suitable for robotic SRS/SBRT or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. These technological advances have created new demanding mandates on hardware and patient quality assurance (QA) tasks, as well as the need for updating/educating the physicists in the community on these requirements.
(3). Conventional Linac based treatments: Modulated arc therapy (MAT) has gained wide popularities in Linac-based treatments in recent years due to its high delivery efficiency and excellent dose conformities. Recently, MAT has been introduced to deliver highly conformal radiosurgery treatments to multiple targets simultaneously via a single isocenter to replace the conventional multi-iso multi-plan treatments. It becomes important to understand the advantages and limitations of this technique, and the pitfalls for implementing this technique in clinical practice. The planning process of single-iso multi-target MAT will be described, and its plan quality and delivery efficiency will be compared with multi-iso plans. The QA process for verifying such complex plans will be illustrated, and pitfalls in imaging and patient set up will be discussed.
Overall, this session will focus on the following areas: 1) Update on the emerging technology in current SRS/SBRT delivery. 2) New developments in treatment planning and Quality Assurance program. 3) Imaging guidance and motion management.
- 1.To understand the SRS/SBRT principles and its clinical applications, and gain knowledge on the emerging technologies in SRS/SBRT.
- 2.To review planning concepts and useful tips in treatment planning.
- 3.To learn about the imaging guidance procedures and the quality assurance program in SRS/SBRT.
National Institutes of Health, Varian Medical System; L. Ren, The presenter is funded by National Institutes of Health and Varian Medical System.