TH-CD-202-10: Tumor Metabolic Control Probability & Dose Response Mapping for Adaptive Dose Painting by Number

Authors


Abstract

Purpose:

Adaptive dose-painting-by-number (DPbN) requires a dose-response-mapping (DRM) obtained early in the treatment course. To obtain DRM, voxel-by-voxel tumor dose response needs to be quantified. Our recent study has demonstrated that voxel-by-voxel radio-sensitivity of patient tumor can be determined using tumor-metabolic-ratio measured early during the treatment using FDG-PET images. In this study, the measurements were utilized to construct tumor metabolic control probability (TMCP) and DRM for DPbN.

Methods:

FDG-PET/CT images of 18 HN cancer patients obtained pre- and weekly during the treatment were used. Spatial parametric images of tumor-metabolic-ratio (dSUV) were constructed following voxel-by-voxel deformable image registration. Each voxel value in dSUV was a function of baseline SUV and delivered dose. Utilizing all values of dSUV in the controlled tumor group at the last treatment week, a cut-off function between the baseline SUV and dSUV was formed, and applied in early treatment days on dSUV of all tumors to model the TMCP. At the treatment week k, TMCP was constructed with respect to the tumor voxel dSUV appeared at the week using the maximum likelihood estimation for all dose levels, and used for DRM construction.

Results:

TMCPs estimated in the week 2 & 3 have D50=11.1∼47.6Gy; γ50=0.55∼0.92 respectively with respect to dSUV=0.3∼1.2. The corresponding DRM between tumor voxel dSUV and the expected treatment dose has sigmoid shape. The expected treatment dose are 26∼40Gy (for 95% TMCP) for high sensitive tumor voxels with dSUV=0.3∼0.5; and 65∼110Gy for low sensitive tumor voxels with the dSUV>1.0 depending on the time of the estimation.

Conclusion:

TMCP can be constructed voxel-by-voxel in human tumor using multiple FDG-PET imaging obtained in early treatment days. TMCP provides a potential quantitative objective of tumor DRM for DPbN to plan the best dose, escalate or de-escalate, in tumor adaptively based on its own radio-sensitivity.

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