Sixty-second annual scientific meeting of the canadian organization of medical physicists
Sci-Sat AM: Radiation Dosimetry and Practical Therapy Solutions - 08: A Low-Cost Optical Scanner and Gantry for use with 3D Printing of Radiation Therapy Accessories
Three-dimensional printing has been implemented at our institution to create customized treatment accessories including shielding and bolus. In order to effectively use 3D printing, the topography of the patient must first be acquired. To this end, we have evaluated a low-cost structured-light 3D scanner in order to assess the clinical viability of this technology.
For ease of use, the scanner (3D Systems, Sense 3D Scanner) was mounted in a simple gantry that guided its motion and maintained an optimum distance between the scanner and the object. To characterise the spatial accuracy of the scanner, we used a geometric phantom and an anthropomorphic head phantom. The geometric phantom was machined from plastic and had overall dimensions of 24 cm by 15 cm and included a hemispherical and a tetrahedron protrusion roughly the dimensions of an average forehead and nose respectively. Meshes acquired by the optical scanner were compared to meshes generated from high-resolution CT images.
Scans were acquired in under one minute. Most of the optical scans contained noticeable artefacts although in most instances these were considered minor. Using an algorithm that calculated distances between the two meshes, we found most of the optical scanner measurements agreed with those from CT to within about 1 mm for the geometric phantom and to within about 2 mm for the head phantom.
In summary, we deemed this scanner to be clinically acceptable and it has been used to design treatment accessories for several skin cancer patients.