Research leader at the Resource Futures Programme at CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Canberra, Australia.
Regional Patterns in Global Resource Extraction
Article first published online: 8 FEB 2008
Journal of Industrial Ecology
Volume 10, Issue 4, pages 133–147, October 2006
How to Cite
Schandl, H. and Eisenmenger, N. (2006), Regional Patterns in Global Resource Extraction. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10: 133–147. doi: 10.1162/jiec.2006.10.4.133
- Issue published online: 8 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 8 FEB 2008
- industrial ecology;
- materials flow analysis (MFA);
- natural resources;
- resource extraction;
- sustainable resource use
This article presents an account of global resource extraction for the year 1999 by material groups, world regions, and development status. The account is based on materials flow analysis methodology and provides benchmark information for political strategies toward sustainable resource management. It shows that currently around 50 thousand megatons of resources are extracted yearly on a global scale, which results in a yearly global average resource use of around 8 tonnes per capita. Assuming further growth in world regions not yet close to the levels of resource use in the industrial cores—such as India or China—numbers could easily double once these parts of the world come to fully incorporate the industrial mode of production and consumption. This article contributes to information on resource use indicators, complementing and enriching information from economic accounting in order to facilitate political measures toward a sustainable use of resources.