Evaluation of Korean Newborns With the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2006
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 33, Issue 5, pages 589–596, September 2004
How to Cite
Shin, Y., Bozzette, M., Kenner, C. and Kim, T.-I. (2004), Evaluation of Korean Newborns With the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 33: 589–596. doi: 10.1177/0884217504268958
- Issue published online: 9 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2006
- Accepted: July 2003
- Newborn behavior;
Objectives: To determine the unique responses of a group of Korean full-term newborns and to describe the pattern of behavior observed in the first few days of life.
Design: A descriptive study describing the behavioral patterns of Korean newborns using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale.
Participants: Fifty newborns aged 1 to 3 days in a nursery of a large tertiary hospital in Daegu, Korea.
Results: Overall scores were at moderate levels in six clusters. These were (a) Response Decrement, (b) Social Interactive, (c) Motor System, (d) State Organization, (e) State Regulation, and (f) Autonomic System. Newborns showed good overall tone and activity level and low amount of irritable behavior. Although reflex responses were generally normal, Korean newborns showed particularly weak responses in standing and walking reflexes. Maternal variables such as employment and previous pregnancy history were related to the scores on the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale.
Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that Korean newborns showed a moderate level of autonomic stability and motor control and overall good state organization. These findings also provide some evidence that the mother's health status and lifestyle during the pregnancy may affect newborn behavior after birth.