Effect of an Intimate Partner Violence Educational Program on the Attitudes of Nurses


Anne M. Schoening, MSN, RN, Maternal/Child Nursing, Creighton University School of Nursing, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178. E-mail: aschoening@creighton.edu.


Objective: To examine the effect of an intimate partner violence (IPV) educational program on the attitudes of nurses toward victims.

Design: A quasi-experimental study utilizing a pretest and posttest.

Setting: An urban health care system.

Participants: Fifty-two inpatient nurses completed both the pretest and posttest.

Intervention: One-hour and 3-hour IPV educational programs.

Main Outcome Measures: Change in attitude was determined by scores from the Public Health Nurses’ Response to Women Who Are Abused (PHNR), a standardized questionnaire that measures nurses’ reactions to an IPV scenario. Parallel forms, each with a different scenario, were administered before and 2 months after the 1-hour and 3-hour educational sessions. Scores were analyzed using a repeated measures analysis of variance followed by multiple comparisons with Bonferroni adjustments.

Results: Nurses’ PHNR scores increased significantly after attending the 1-hour session if they had previous IVP education and after the 3-hour session if they had no previous IVP education.

Conclusion: Educational offerings should be tailored for nurses. For nurses with previous IVP education, offer a 1-hour update. For nurses with no previous IVP education, provide a 3-hour educational session. Further study is needed to determine if change in nurses’ attitudes translates into improved screening, identification, and intervention for IPV victims.