This study used the multidimensional construct of self-esteem to investigate the relationships among pregnancy status, self-esteem, and ethnicity. These relationships were examined in a sample of 100 pregnant/parenting and never-pregnant African American and European American female adolescents ranging in age from 15 to 19 years. Findings indicated that, although self-esteem and pregnancy status were associated for European American adolescents, these variables were not associated for African American adolescents. The study suggested that self-esteem is associated with pregnancy for European American adolescents but not for African Americans. Never-pregnant European American adolescents scored significantly better than their same-race pregnant counterparts on 10 of the 12 self-esteem dimensions examined.