Regenerative Medicine: Antagonic-Stress® Therapy in Distress and Aging. I. Preclinical Synthesis—2003


Address for correspondence: D. Riga, Department of Stress Research and Prophylaxis, “Al. Obregia” Clinical Hospital of Psychiatry, 10 Berceni Road, Sector 4, RO-041914 Bucharest 8, Romania. Voice: +40-21-461-0755; fax: +40-21-230-9579.


Abstract: Repetitive and cumulative distress (acute and/or chronic, psychic and/or biologic) and aging processes (impairment phenomena, agglomerated, and accumulated with the passing of life and senescence periods), as well as distress ⇔ aging reciprocal amplification-accelerating-aggravation relationships require strong and rational (etiopathogenic) therapeutic interventions. Therefore, the drug, Antagonic-Stress® (AS)—a new integrative therapy, with specific synergistic formula, being patented worldwide—becomes an important solution in distress, senescence, and their related pathologies. In acute (contention) stress, AS treatment significantly decreased rat mortality, number and surface of stomach ulcerations, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), and increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) from blood. In chronic psychic stress, live nerve cells selectively isolated from rat cerebral cortex were highly protected by the administration of AS. In addition, antistress and antiaging homeostatic actions of AS were demonstrated in accelerated senescence (aging + distress) at multiple brain levels: on functional anabolism [increase in total ribonucleic acids (RNA), total proteins (TP), and water-soluble proteins (WSP)]; on functional catabolism [decrease in water-insoluble proteins (WIP)]; on structural anabolism (increased regeneration of free ribosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and Nissl bodies); on structural catabolism (lipofuscinolysis and ceroidolysis, neurono-glial transfer of lipopigment continuously processed and dissoluted, and finally capillary elimination). Preclinical research with AS demonstrated important regenerative processes in the key organs (liver, heart, and brain), which mostly suffer due to both distress and senescence.