Individual Differences in Executive Attention Predict Self-Regulation and Adolescent Psychosocial Behaviors


Address for correspondence: Dr. Lesa K. Ellis, Department of Psychology, Westminster College, 1840 South 1300 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84105. Voice: 801-832-2425.


Abstract: This study examined temperament, executive attention, parental monitoring and relationships, and involvement in pro- and antisocial behaviors in an ethnically diverse sample of adolescents. We sought to relate parent- and self-reported effortful control to performance on measures of executive attention and to better understand the relative contributions of individual-difference variables and environmental variables in predicting behaviors in adolescence. The results indicated a relationship between poor executive attention and mother-reported effortful control. Inclusion of individual-difference variables significantly increased prediction of problem-behavior scores, suggesting the importance of including such variables in studies of adolescent deviance.