Psychobiological Processes of Stress and Coping
Implications for Resilience in Children and Adolescents—Comments on the Papers of Romeo & McEwen and Fisher et al.
Article first published online: 16 FEB 2007
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume 1094, Resilience in Children pages 226–234, December 2006
How to Cite
COMPAS, B. E. (2006), Psychobiological Processes of Stress and Coping. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1094: 226–234. doi: 10.1196/annals.1376.024
- Issue published online: 16 FEB 2007
- Article first published online: 16 FEB 2007
- allostatic load;
- coping theory;
- sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) axis;
- hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis;
Abstract: The significance of psychosocial stress and ways of coping with stress for understanding resilience in childhood and adolescence are reviewed. Psychological and biological processes of reactivity to and recovery from stress are central in understanding the physical and emotional tolls that result from prolonged exposure to chronic stress. A central theme of this article is that stress exerts a double toll on physical and emotional health and well-being. First, as a consequence of allostatic load, stress contributes to disease and disorder. And second, because of effects on specific brain regions, chronic stress takes a second toll by disrupting function in those regions primarily responsible for coping and self-regulation. Implications for future research on resilience and the development of interventions to promote resilience are highlighted.