Abstract: Sex differences in longevity and aging are seen throughout the animal kingdom. These are likely to result, in part, from sex differences in endocrinology. In the nematode Caenorhabditiselegans, males are the longer-lived sex. Here we explore the possibility that sex differences in insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)and steroid endocrinology contribute to this sex difference in aging by studying C. elegans populations in liquid culture. We report that in hermaphrodite populations, mutational loss of the DAF-12 steroid receptor affected life span as in previous plate-culture studies: mutant longevity is suppressed in a weak daf-2 insulin/IGF-1 receptor mutant but enhanced in a stronger daf-2 mutant. However, in males, mutation of daf-12 had little effect on aging in either weak or strong daf-2 mutants. Moreover, while mutation of daf-12 marginally reduced life span in daf-2(+) hermaphrodites, as in plate-cultured populations, it did not in daf-2(+) males. These results could imply that in C. elegans, as in mammals, sex differences in steroid endocrinology contribute to sex differences in aging.