SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ahmed, A.U., R.V. Hill, L.C. Smith, et al. 2007. The world's most deprived. Characteristics and causes of extreme poverty and hunger. IFPRI. Washington . 2020 Discussion Paper No. 43.
  • 2
    Vorster, H. H. & A Kruger. 2007. Poverty, malnutrition, underdevelopment and cardiovascular disease: a South African perspective. Cardiovasc. J. Africa 18: 321324.
  • 3
    Save the Children. 2007. State of the World's Mothers 2006. Save the Children. Wesport , CT .
  • 4
    Blackden, M. & Q.Wodon (Eds). 2006. Gender, time use and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington : World Bank Working Papers No. 73.
  • 5
    Ntandou, G., H. Delisle, V. Agueh & B. Fayomi. 2008. Physical activity and socioeconomic status explain rural-urban differences in obesity: a cross-sectional study in Benin (West Africa). Ecol. Food Nutr. (in press).
  • 6
    Delisle, H. & O. Receveur. 2007. Les <<dysnutritions>> dans les pays en développement (lettre). [‘Dysnutrition’ in developing countries (Letter)]. CMAJ 176: 65.
  • 7
    Ezzati, M., V.S. Hoorn, C.M.M. Lawes, et al. 2005. Rethinking the “diseases of affluence” paradigm: global patterns of nutritional risks in relation to economic development. PLoS Med. DOI: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0020133.
  • 8
    Barker, D.J.P. (Ed). 1992. Fetal and Infant Origins of Adult Disease. BMJ Publ Group. London .
  • 9
    WHO. 2004. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health. Fifty-seventh World Health Assembly. WHO. Geneva . Available at: http://who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA57/A57_R17-en.pdf.
  • 10
    WHO. 2007. World Health Statistics. WHO. Geneva . Available at: http://www.who.int/whosis/whostat2007/en/index.html. (Accessed 2008 January 10).
  • 11
    Molini, V. & M. Nubé. 2007. Is the nutritional status of males and females equally affected by economic growth? Evidence from Vietnam in the 1990s. United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research. Amsterdam . Research Paper No. 2007/54.
  • 12
    Frongillo, E.A. & F. Bégin. 1993. Gender bias in food intake favors male preschool Guatemalan children. J. Nutr. 123: 189196.
  • 13
    Pelletier, D. L. & E.A. Frongillo. 2003. Changes in child survival are strongly associated with changes in malnutrition in developing countries. J. Nutr. 133: 107119.
  • 14
    Harvey, P. 2007. Improving women's nutrition: a requirement for achieving the Millennium Development Goals. http://www.a2zproject.org/docs/HRHS_Harvey.pdfp.
  • 15
    Popkin, B.M. 2006. Global nutrition dynamics: the world is shifting rapidly toward a diet linked with noncommunicable diseases. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 84: 289298.
  • 16
    Prentice, A.M. & S.A. Jebb. 2003. Fast foods, energy density and obesity: a possible mechanistic link. Obesity Rev. 4: 187194.
  • 17
    Drewnowski, A. & S. Specter. 2004. Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 79: 616.
  • 18
    Pinstrup-Anderson, P. & F. Cheng. 2007. Still hungry. Sci. Am. 297: 96103.
  • 19
    Abegunde, D.O., C.D. Mathers, T Adam, et al. 2007. The burden and costs of chronic diseases in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet 370: 19291938.
  • 20
    WHO. 2006. Preventing chronic disease: a vital investment. WHO. Geneva .
  • 21
    Prentice, A.M. 2006. The emerging epidemic of obesity in developing countries. Int. J. Epidemiol. 35: 9399.
  • 22
    Fezeu, L., B. Balkau, A.P. Kengne, et al. 2007. Metabolic syndrome in a sub-Saharan African setting: central obesity may be the key determinant. Atherosclerosis 193: 7076.
  • 23
    Carlin, L., T. Aspray & R. Edwards. 2001. Civilization and its discontents: non-communicable disease, metabolic syndrome and rural-urban migration in Tanzania. Urban Anthropol. 30: 5170.
  • 24
    Adair, L.S. & A.M. Prentice. 2004. A critical evaluation of the fetal origins hypothesis and its implications for developing countries. J. Nutr. 134: 191193.
  • 25
    Lockyer, L. & M. Bury. 2002. The construction of a modern epidemic. The implications for women of the gendering of coronary heart disease. J. Adv. Nurs. 39: 432440.
  • 26
    Vorster, H.H., A. Kruger, C.S. Venter, et al. 2007. Cardiovascular disease risk factors and socio-economic position of Africans in transition: the THUSA study. Cardiovasc. J. Africa 18: 315322.
  • 27
    Gholizadeh, L. & P. Davidson. 2008. More similarities than differences: an international comparison of CVD mortality and risk factors in women. Health Care Women Int. 29: 322.
  • 28
    Delisle, H. 2002. Programming of chronic disease by impaired foetal nutrition: evidence and implications for policy and intervention strategies. WHO, Dept Nutrition for Health and Development. Geneva . WHO/NHD/02.3.
  • 29
    Gluckman, P.D., M.A. Hanson & C. Pinal. 2005. The developmental origins of adult disease. Matern. Child Nutr. 1: 130141.
  • 30
    Law, C. 2005. Early growth and chronic disease: a public health overview. Matern. Child Nutr. 1:169176.
  • 31
    Barker, D.J. 2006. Adult consequences of fetal growth restriction. Clin. Obstet. Gynecol. 49: 270283.
  • 32
    Dennison, C.R., N. Peer, K. Steyn, et al. 2007. Determinants of hypertension care and control among peri-urban Black South Africans: the HiHi study. Ethn. Dis. 17: 484491.
  • 33
    Yusuf, S., S. Hawken, S. Ounpuu, et al. 2004. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet 364:937952.
  • 34
    Steyn, K., K. Sliwa, S. Hawken, et al. (INTERHEART Investigators in Africa). 2005. Risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in Africa. The INTERHEART Africa Study. Circulation 112: 35543561.
  • 35
    Florêncio, T.T., H.S. Ferreira, J.C. Cavalcante & A.L. Sawaya. 2004. Short stature, obesity and arterial hypertension in a very low income population in North-eastern Brazil. Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis. 14: 2633.
  • 36
    Shakhatreh, F.M.N., A.A. Suleiman, F.I. Mohammed & A.A. Alwan. 2008. Hypertension among females in a highly disadvantaged community in Jordan. Health Care Women Int. 29: 3953.
  • 37
    Longo-Mbenza, B., E. Lukoki Luila & J.R. M'Buyamba-Kabangu. 2007. Nutritional status, socio-economic status, heart rate, and blood pressure in African school children and adolescents. Int. J. Cardiol. 121: 171177.
  • 38
    Monteiro, C.A., W.L. Conde & B.M. Popkin. 2004. The burden of disease from undernutrition and overnutrition in countries undergoing rapid nutrition transition: a view from Brazil. Am. J. Pub. Health 94: 433434.
  • 39
    Siervo, M., P. Grey, O.A. Nyan & A.M. Prentice. 2006. Urbanization and obesity in The Gambia: a country in early stages of the demographic transition. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 60: 455463.
  • 40
    Holdsworth, M., A. Gartner, E. Landais, et al. 2004. Knowledge of dietary and behaviour-related determinants of non-communicable disease in urban Senegalese women. Int. J. Obesity Related Metab. Disord. 28: 15611568.
  • 41
    Kruger, H.S., C.S. Venter, H.H. Vorster, et al. 2002. Physical inactivity is the major determinant of obesity in black women in the North-West Province, South Africa: the THUSA study. Nutrition: Int. J. Appl. Basic Nutr. Sci. 18: 422427.
  • 42
    WHO Expert Consultation. 2004. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet 363: 157163.
  • 43
    Shafique, S., N. Akhter, G. Stallkamp, et al. 2007. Trends of under- and overweight among rural and urban poor women indicate the double burden of malnutrition in Bangladesh. Int. J. Epidemiol. 36: 449457.
  • 44
    Van Der Sande, M.A.B., S.M. Ceesay, P.J.M. Milligan, et al. 2001. Obesity and undernutrition and cardiovascular risk factors in rural and urban Gambian communities. Am. J. Pub. Health 91: 16411644.
  • 45
    FAO. 2006. The double burden of malnutrition. Case studies from six developing regions. FAO. Rome . Food and Nutrition Paper No 84.
  • 46
    Subramanian, S.V., I. Kawachi & G. Davey Smith. 2007. Income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India. J. Epidemiol. Community Health 61: 802809. doi:DOI: 10.1136/jech.2006.053801.
  • 47
    Garrett, J.L. & M.T. Ruel. 2005. Stunted child-overweight mother pairs: prevalence and association with economic development and urbanization. Food Nutr. Bull. 26: 209221.
  • 48
    Doak, C., L.S. Adair, C. Monteiro & B.M. Popkin. 2000. Overweight and underweight coexist within households in Brazil, China and Russia. J. Nutr. 130: 29652971.
  • 49
    Khor, G.L. & Z.M. Sharif. 2003. Dual forms of malnutrition in the same households in Malaysia—a case study among Malay rural households. Asia Pacific J. Clin. Nutr. 12: 427438.
  • 50
    Raphael, D., H. Delisle & C. Vilgrain. 2005. Households with undernourished children and overweight mothers: is this a concern for Haiti? Ecol. Food Nutr. 44: 147165.
  • 51
    Bouzitou Ntandou, G.D., B. Fayomi & H. Delisle. 2005. Malnutrition infantile et surpoids maternel dans des ménages urbains pauvres du Bénin. Cahiers Santé 15: 263270.
  • 52
    Doak, C.M., L.S. Adair, M. Bentlwey, et al. 2005. The dual burden household and the nutrition transition paradox. Int. J. Obesity 29: 129136.
  • 53
    Steyn, N.P., D. Labadarios, E. Maunder, et al. 2005. Secondary anthropometric data analysis of the national food consumption survey in South Africa: the double burden. Nutrition 21: 413.
  • 54
    Barquera, S., K.E. Peterson, A. Must, et al. 2007. Coexistence of maternal central adiposity and child stunting in Mexico. Int. J. Obes. 31: 601607.
  • 55
    Tladinyane, P. 2003. The difference in factors influencing childcare between others/caregivers of undernourished and well nourished children aged 1–4 years in Oukasie (Brits), North West Provence (masters thesis). Pretoria : MEDUNSA .
  • 56
    Sawaya, A.L., P. Martins, D. Hoffman & S.B. Roberts. 2003. The link between childhood undernutrition and risk of chronic diseases in adulthood: a case study of Brazil. Nutr. Rev. 61:168175.
  • 57
    Hoffman, D.J., A.L. Sawaya, I. Verreschi, et al. 2000. Why are nutritionally stunted children at increased risks of obesity? Studies of metabolic rate and fat oxidation in shantytown children from Sao Paolo, Brazil. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 72: 702707.
  • 58
    Asfaw, A. 2007. Micronutrient deficiency and the prevalence of mothers' overweight/obesity in Egypt. Econ. Hum. Biol. 5: 471483.
  • 59
    Boulé, N.G., A. Tremblay, J. Gonzalez-Barranco, et al. 2003. Insulin resistance and abdominal adiposity in young men with documented malnutrition during the first year of life. Int. J. Obesity 27: 598604.
  • 60
    Mi, J., C. Law, K. L. Zhang, et al. 2000. Effects of infant birthweight and maternal body mass index in pregnancy on components of the insulin resistance syndrome. Ann. Int. Med. 132:253260.
  • 61
    Eckhardt, C.L. 2006. Micronutrient malnutrition, obesity, and chronic disease in countries undergoing the nutrition transition: potential links and program/policy implications. IFPRI. Washington . FCND Discussion Paper 213.
  • 62
    Eckhardt, C.L., L.E. Torheim, E. Monterrubio, et al. 2007. The overlap of overweight and anaemia among women in three countries undergoing the nutrition transition. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 21: 19.
  • 63
    Gill, K., R. Pande & A. Malhota. 2007. Women deliver for development. Lancet 370: 13471357.
  • 64
    Smith, L., U. Ramakrishnan & A. Ndiaye. 2003. The importance of women's status for child nutrition in developing countries. Washington : IFPRI Research Report No. 131.
  • 65
    Asmani, S. & A. Sen. The hidden penalties of gender inequalities: the fetal origin of ill-health. Econ. Human. Biol 1: 105121.
  • 66
    Delisle, H. 2005. Early nutritional influences on obesity diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk. International Workshop, Université de Montréal, June 6–9, 2004. Introduction. Maternal Child Nutr. 1: 128129.
  • 67
    Delisle H. 2005. Nutrition in infancy and chronic disease in later life: overview and public health significance for developing countries. In H.H.Y.Vorster, R.Blaauw, & M.A.Dhansay, et al. , Eds.: Proceedings 18th International Congress of Nutrition 19–23 September 2005 Durban, South Africa. Annals Nutr Metab (online).
  • 68
    ESHRE [European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology] Capri Workshop Group. 2006. Nutrition and reproduction in women. Hum. Reprod. Update 12: 193207.
  • 69
    Bale, J.R., B.J.Stoll & A.O.Lucas (Eds.) 2003. Improving birth outcomes: meeting the challenge of the developing world. Committee on Improving Birth Outcomes, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. National Academies Press. Washington , DC .
  • 70
    Delisle, H., P. Ghadirian, B. Shatenstein & I. Strychar. 2005. Early nutritional influences on obesity diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk. International Workshop, Université de Montréal, June 6–9, 2004. Evidence and implications for research and action—a summary. Maternal Child Nutr. 1: 216222.
  • 71
    Chopra, M. & I. Darnton-Hill. 2006. Responding to the crisis in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of nutrition. Public Health Nutr. 9: 544550.
  • 72
    Beran, D. & J.S. Yudkin. Diabetes care in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet 368:16891695.
  • 73
    International Centre for Research on Women [ICRW]. 2005. A second look at the role education plays in women's empowerment. ICRW. Washington .
  • 74
    Wallerstein, N. 2007. What is the evidence on effectiveness of empowerment to improve health? WHO Office for Europe. Copenhagen . Health Evidence Network report http://www.euro.who.int/Document/E88086.pdf (Accessed Nov 20, 2007).
  • 75
    UNICEF. 2007. The state of the world's children 2007. Women and children – The double dividend of gender equality. UNICEF. New York .
  • 76
    Kusin, J.A. & V.G. Markell. 2006. Report on the Nutrition and Gender Initiative as implemented by the International Center for Research on Women September 2002–2005. Washington : ICRW .
  • 77
    Doak, C. 2002. Large-scale interventions and programmes addressing nutrition-related chronic diseases and obesity: examples from 14 countries. Public Health Nutr. 5: 275277.
  • 78
    Van Der Sande, M.A.B., R.L. Coleman, M.F.S. Van der Loeff, et al. 2001. A template for improved prevention and control of cardiovascular disease in Sub-Saharan Africa. Health Policy Plann. 16: 345350.
  • 79
    Delisle, H. 2006. Potential of red palm oil for the control of vitamin A deficiency in sub-Saharan Africa: Five years of research in Burkina Faso. Sight Life 3: 2227.
  • 80
    Solomons, N.W. 2005. Programme and policy issues related to promoting positive early nutritional influences to prevent obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in later life: a developing countries view. Matern. Child Health 1: 204215.
  • 81
    James, P.T. 2004. Obesity: the worldwide epidemic. Clin. Dermatol. 22: 276280.
  • 82
    Uauy, R. & N.W. Solomons. 2006. The role of the international community: forging a common agenda in tackling the double burden of malnutrition. SCN News 32: 2437.
  • 83
    Coitinho, D., C.A. Monteiro & B.M. Popkin. 2002. What Brazil is doing to promote healthy diets and active lifestyles. Public Health Nutr. 5: 263267.
  • 84
    WHO Report. 2005. Preparing a health care workforce for 21st Century: the challenge of chronic conditions. World Health Organization. Geneva .
  • 85
    Kain, J., R. Uauy, F. Vio, et al. 2004. School-based obesity prevention in Chilean primary school children: methodology and evaluation of a controlled study. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 28: 483493.
  • 86
    Delisle, H. & I. Strychar. 2006. Obesity at adolescence: prevention is timely even in low income countries. Standing Committee on Nutrition News 32: 5157.
  • 87
    Kerber, K.J., E. De Graft-Johnson, Z.A. Bhutta, et al. 2007. Continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health: from slogan to service delivery. Lancet 370: 13581369.
  • 88
    Sawaya, A.L., R. Sesso, T.T. Florêncio, et al. 2005. Association between chronic undernutrition and hypertension. Mat. Child Nutr. 1: 155163.