SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lopez, A.D., C.D. Mathers, M. Ezzati, et al. 2006. Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. World Bank. Washington , DC .
  • 2
    World Health Organization. 2005. Preventing Chronic Diseases: A Vital Investment. World Health Organization and the Public Health Agency of Canada.
  • 3
    Suhrcke, M., R.A. Nugent, et al. 2006. Chronic Disease: An Economic Perspective. Oxford Health Alliance. London .
  • 4
    Monteiro, C.A., E.C. Moura, W.L. Conde & B.M. Popkin. 2004. Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review. Bull. World Health Organ. 82: 940946.
  • 5
    Monteiro, C.A. et al. 2004. Obesity and inequities in health in the developing world. Int. J. Obes. 28: 11811186.
  • 6
    Adeyi, O., O. Smith & S. Robles. 2007. Public Policy and the Challenge of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases. World Bank. Washington , DC .
  • 7
    Marmot, M., G. Rose, M. Shipley & P. Hamilton. 1978. Employment grade and coronary heart disease in British civil servants. J. Epidemiol. Comm. Health 32: 244249.
  • 8
    Kaplan, G. & J.W. Lynch. 1999. Socioeconomic considerations in the primordial prevention of cardiovascular disease. Prev. Med. 29: S30S35.
  • 9
    Popkin, B.M. 1993. Nutritional patterns and transitions. Popul. Dev. Rev. 19: 13857.
  • 10
    UN Food and Agriculture Organization, World Agriculture Toward 2030/2050, Interim Report, Rome. June 2006. Accessed September 5, 2007 at http://www.fao.org/es/esd/gstudies.htm.
  • 11
    Popkin, B.M. & S.J. Nielsen. 2003. The sweetening of the world's diets. Obes. Res. 11: 13251332.
  • 12
    Drewnowski, A. & N. Darmon. 2005. The economics of obesity: dietary energy density and energy cost. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 82(Suppl 1): 265S273S.
  • 13
    Asfaw, A. 2006. Do government food price policies affect the prevalence of obesity? Empirical evidence from Egypt. World Dev. 35: 687701.
  • 14
    Philipson, T.J. & R.A. Posner. 1999. The long-run growth in obesity as a function of technological change. Chicago John M. Olin Law & Economics Working Paper No. 78 (2nd series).
  • 15
    Drewnowski, A. 2007. The real contribution of added sugars and fats to obesity. Epidemiol. Rev. 29: 160171.
  • 16
    Popkin, B.M. 2006. Global nutrition dynamics: the world is shifting rapidly toward a diet linked with noncommunicable diseases. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 84: 289298.
  • 17
    Reardon, T., P.C. Timmer & J.A. Berdegue. 2003. Supermarket expansion in Latin America and Asia: implications for food marketing systems. New Directions in Global Food Markets/AIB-794. Economic Research Service/USDA.
  • 18
    Witherspoon, D.D. & T. Reardon. 2003. The rise of supermarkets in Africa: implications for agrifood systems and the rural poor. Dev. Policy Rev. 21( 3 ): 333355.
  • 18a. 
    Pena, M. & J. Bacallao. 2000. Obesity and Poverty. A New Public Health Challenge.. Pan-American Health Organization. Washington, DC.
  • 19
    Oniang'o, RK. et al. 2003. Contemporary African food habits and their nutritional and health implications. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr. 12: 231236.
  • 20
    Garrett, J. & M.T. Ruel. 2005. The coexistence of child undernutrition and maternal overweight: prevalence, hypotheses, and program and policy implications. Matern. Child Nutr. 1: 185196.
  • 21
    Doak, C., L.S. Adair, C. Monteiro & B.M. Popkin. 2000. Overweight and underweight co-exists in Brazil, China, and Russia. J. Nutr. 130: 29652980.
  • 22
    Indian Institute of Population Sciences. National Family Health Study 1998–99. Mumbai, India: Indian Institute of Population Sciences, 2000; 1328.
  • 23
    FAO. 2006. The double burden of malnutrition: case studies from six developing countries. Food and Nutrition Paper 84.
  • 24
    Colditz, G.A. 1999. Economic costs of obesity and inactivity. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 31(11 Suppl): S663S667.
  • 25
    Albala, C., F. Vio, J. Kain & R. Uauy. 2002. Nutrition transition in Chile: determinants and consequences. Public Health Nutr. 5(A): 123128.
  • 26
    The Economic Impacts of Diabetes, Chapter 5, Diabetes Atlas, International Diabetes Federation, 2007.
  • 27
    Colin-Thomé, D. & G. Belfield. 2004. UK Health Service, Improving Chronic Disease Management. Accessed at: http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Policyandguidance/Organisationpolicy/index.htm, January 30, 2008.
  • 28
    Suhrcke, M. et al. 2005. The contribution of health to the economy in the European Union. European Commission. Brussels .
  • 29
    Beaglehole R., S. Ibrahim, S. Reddy, et al. , on behalf of the Chronic Disease Action Group. 2007. Prevention of chronic diseases: a call to action. Lancet 370: 21522157.
  • 30
    Gaziano, T.A., G. Galea & K.S. Reddy. 2007. Scaling up interventions for chronic disease prevention: the evidence. Lancet 370: 19391946.
  • 31
    Willett, WC., J.P. Koplan, R. Nugent, et al. 2006. Prevention of chronic disease by means of diet and lifestyle changes. In Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd ed. D.T.Jamison, J.G.Breman, A.R.Measham, et al. , Eds.: 833850. Copublication by: World Bank. Washington , DC , and Oxford University Press, New York .
  • 32
    World Bank. 1993. World Development Report 1993. Investing in Health. Oxford University Press. New York .
  • 33
    Report of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health. 2001. Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development. World Health Organization. Geneva .
  • 34
    DeVol, R. & A. Bedroussian. An Unhealthy America: The Economic Burden of Chronic Disease. Milken Institute , October 2007.
  • 35
    Abegunde D., C. Mathers, et al. 2007. The burden and costs of chronic diseases in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet 370: 19291938.
  • 36
    Suhrcke, M. & D. Urban. 2006. Are cardiovascular diseases bad for economic growth? CESIFO Working Paper No. 1845.
  • 37
    Suhrcke, M., L. Rocco & M. McKee. 2007. Health: a vital investment for economic development in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. World Health Organization European Office for Investment for Health and Development (2007) on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies.
  • 38
    Suhrcke, M., L. Rocco, M. McKee, et al. 2007. Economic consequences of noncommunicable diseases and injuries in the Russian federation. European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, World Health Organization .