Neurological Aspects of Obstructive Sleep Apnea


Address for correspondence: Dr. Meredith Broderick, Fellow, Stanford Medical Center, Psychiatry, 401 Quarry Rd. Ste. 3301, Stanford, CA 94305.


Obstructive sleep apnea is often regarded as a structural disorder causing narrowing of the airway. This article reviews the neurological aspects of obstructive sleep apnea, including the upper airway reflex, cortical arousal thresholds, and motor function as they pertain to the pathophysiology of disease. We also discuss the relationship of obstructive sleep apnea to other neurological diseases.