Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Cover image for Vol. 1148 Stress, Neurotransmitters, and Hormones Neuroendocrine and Genetic Mechanisms

December 2008

Volume 1148 Stress, Neurotransmitters, and Hormones Neuroendocrine and Genetic Mechanisms

Pages xiii–xiv, 1–570

  1. Preface

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Preface (pages xiii–xiv)

      Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.086

  2. Introductory Lecture

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Identifying the Stress Transcriptome in the Adrenal Medulla following Acute and Repeated Immobilization (pages 1–28)

      Xiaoping Liu, Lidia Serova, Richard Kvetňanský and Esther L. Sabban

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.082

  3. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Investigating the Molecular Basis of Major Depressive Disorder Etiology : A Functional Convergent Genetic Approach (pages 42–56)

      Mbemba Jabbi, Jaap Korf, Johan Ormel, Ido P. Kema and Johan A. Den Boer

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.018

  4. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Serotonergic Systems, Anxiety, and Affective Disorder : Focus on the Dorsomedial Part of the Dorsal Raphe Nucleus (pages 86–94)

      Christopher A. Lowry, Matthew W. Hale, Andrew K. Evans, Jasper Heerkens, Daniel R. Staub, Paul J. Gasser and Anantha Shekhar

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.004

    2. Effects of Estrogen on Stress-induced Activation of Peptide Neurons in PVN of Ovariectomized Rats (pages 99–105)

      Yasuko Hara, Tomomi Kohno, Akira Takamata, Takashi Ueyama and Keiko Morimoto

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.042

    3. Stress-induced Intercellular Communication Remodeling in the Rat Adrenal Medulla (pages 106–111)

      Claude Colomer, Chrystel Lafont and Nathalie C. Guérineau

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.040

    4. Cross-talk between Adrenal Medulla and Adrenal Cortex in Stress (pages 112–117)

      Monika Ehrhart-Bornstein and Stefan R. Bornstein

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.053

  5. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Peripheral Lipopolysaccharide Administration Affects the Olfactory Dopamine System in Mice (pages 127–135)

      Akira Ota, Keiji Mori, Yoko S. Kaneko, Akira Nakashima, Ikuko Nagatsu and Toshiharu Nagatsu

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.071

    2. Activity of Brain Stem Groups of Catecholaminergic Cells in Tumor-Bearing Rats : Response to Immobilization Stress (pages 141–147)

      Zdenko Pirnik, Jana Bundzikova, Jozef Bizik, Ivan Hulin, Alexander Kiss and Boris Mravec

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.014

    3. Serotonergic Changes Produced by Repeated Exposure to Forced Swimming : Correlation with Behavior (pages 148–153)

      Galina T. Shishkina, Tatyana S. Kalinina and Nikolay N. Dygalo

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.074

    4. Activity of Oxytocinergic Neurons in the Supraoptic Nucleus under Stimulation of α2-Adrenoceptors in Brattleboro Rats (pages 154–160)

      Jana Bundzikova, Zdeno Pirnik, Jens D. Mikkelsen, Dora Zelena and Alexander Kiss

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.016

  6. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Chronic Stress and Individual Vulnerability (pages 174–183)

      Mathias V. Schmidt, Vera Sterlemann and Marianne B. Müller

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.017

    2. The Response of Plasma Catecholamines in Rats Simultaneously Exposed to Immobilization and Painful Stimuli (pages 196–200)

      Boris Mravec, Andrej Tillinger, Ibolya Bodnar, György M. Nagy, Miklos Palkovits and Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.010

    3. Hypergravity-induced Increase in Plasma Catecholamine and Corticosterone Levels in Telemetrically Collected Blood of Rats during Centrifugation (pages 201–208)

      Juraj Petrak, Boris Mravec, Marian Jurani, Magda Baranovska, Andrej Tillinger, Ivan Hapala, Ivan Frollo and Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.060

    4. Estrogen Replacement Suppresses Pressor Response and Oxidative Stress Induced by Cage-switch Stress in Ovariectomized Rats (pages 213–218)

      Keiko Morimoto, Masami Uji, Takashi Ueyama, Hiroko Kimura, Tomomi Kohno, Akira Takamata, Shigenobu Yano and Ken-Ichi Yoshida

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.045

    5. Psychosocial Stress and Volatile Compounds in Preputial Glands of Rats (pages 219–222)

      Larissa A. Pohorecky, Weidong Ma, Gregory G. Blakley, H. A. Soini and Milos V. Novotny

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.084

  7. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Chronic Stress, Combined with a High-Fat/High-Sugar Diet, Shifts Sympathetic Signaling toward Neuropeptide Y and Leads to Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome (pages 232–237)

      Lydia E. Kuo, Magdalena Czarnecka, Joanna B. Kitlinska, Jason U. Tilan, Richard Kvetňanský and Zofia Zukowska

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.035

  8. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Post-transcriptional Regulation of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Expression in Adrenal Medulla and Brain (pages 238–248)

      A. William Tank, Lu Xu, Xiqun Chen, Pheona Radcliffe and Carol R. Sterling

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.054

    2. Adrenergic Responses to Stress : Transcriptional and Post-transcriptional Changes (pages 249–256)

      Dona L. Wong, T. C. Tai, David C. Wong-Faull, Robert Claycomb and Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.048

    3. Regulation of Gene Expression of Catecholamine Biosynthetic Enzymes in Dopamine-β-Hydroxylase- and CRH-Knockout Mice Exposed to Stress (pages 257–268)

      Richard Kvetňanský, Olga Krizanova, Andrej Tillinger, Esther L. Sabban, Steven A. Thomas and Lucia Kubovcakova

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.033

    4. Adrenergic Polymorphism and the Human Stress Response (pages 282–296)

      Fangwen Rao, Lian Zhang, Jennifer Wessel, Kuixing Zhang, Gen Wen, Brian P. Kennedy, Brinda K. Rana, Madhusudan Das, Juan L. Rodriguez-Flores, Douglas W. Smith, Peter E. Cadman, Rany M. Salem, Sushil K. Mahata, Nicholas J. Schork, Laurent Taupenot, Michael G. Ziegler and Daniel T. O'Connor

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.085

    5. Impaired Chronotropic Response to Exercise in Mice Lacking Catecholamines in Adrenergic Cells (pages 297–301)

      Xuping Bao, Fujun Liu, Yusu Gu, Chuanyi M. Lu and Michael G. Ziegler

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.056

    6. Endocrine Rhythms and Expression of Selected Genes in the Brain, Stellate Ganglia, and Adrenals of Hypertensive TGR Rats (pages 308–316)

      Michal Zeman, Juraj Petrák, Katarína Stebelová, György Nagy, Olga Krizanova, Iveta Herichová and Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.069

  9. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Catecholamine-Synthesizing Cells in the Embryonic Mouse Heart (pages 317–324)

      Steven N. Ebert, Qi Rong, Steve Boe and Karl Pfeifer

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.008

    2. Epinephrine Regulation of Hemodynamics in Catecholamine Knockouts and the Pithed Mouse (pages 325–330)

      Ping Sun, Xuping Bao, Hamzeh Elayan, Milos Milic, Fujun Liu and Michael G. Ziegler

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.078

    3. Type 1 and 2 IP3 Receptors Respond Differently to Catecholamines and Stress (pages 331–337)

      Olga Krizanova, Tereza Holotnakova, Dana Jurkovicova, Eva Polakova, Alexandra Zahradnikova, Lubica Lacinova, Richard Kvetňanský, Jaromir Myslivecek and Silvia Pastorekova

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.023

    4. Human Sympathetic Nerve Biology : Parallel Influences of Stress and Epigenetics in Essential Hypertension and Panic Disorder (pages 338–348)

      Murray Esler, Nina Eikelis, Markus Schlaich, Gavin Lambert, Marlies Alvarenga, David Kaye, Assam El-Osta, Ling Guo, David Barton, Ciaran Pier, Celia Brenchley, Tye Dawood, Garry Jennings and Elisabeth Lambert

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.064

  10. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Vasopressin Does Not Mediate Hypersensitivity of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis during Chronic Stress (pages 349–359)

      Jun Chen, Sharla Young, Sivan Subburaju, Jack Sheppard, Alexander Kiss, Helen Atkinson, Susan Wood, Stafford Lightman, Claudine Serradeil-Le Gal and Greti Aguilera

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.037

    2. Peripherally Administered Angiotensin II AT1 Receptor Antagonists Are Anti-stress Compounds in Vivo (pages 360–366)

      Jaroslav Pavel, Julius Benicky, Yuki Murakami, Enrique Sanchez-Lemus and Juan M. Saavedra

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.006

    3. Regulation of Adrenoceptor and Muscarinic Receptor Gene Expression after Single and Repeated Stress (pages 367–376)

      Jaromir Myslivecek, Andrej Tillinger, Martina Novakova and Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.028

    4. Adrenoceptors and Adaptive Mechanisms in the Heart during Stress (pages 377–383)

      Regina C. Spadari-Bratfisch and Iraides Nunes Dos Santos

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.075

    5. GABA Regulates the Rat Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical Axis via Different GABA-A Receptor α-Subtypes (pages 384–392)

      Jens D. Mikkelsen, Jana Bundzikova, Marianne H. Larsen, Henrik H. Hansen and Alexander Kiss

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.044

    6. Gene Expression of Adrenoceptors in the Hearts of Cold-Acclimated Rats Exposed to a Novel Stressor (pages 393–399)

      Andrej Tillinger, Jaromír Mysliveček, Martina Nováková, Olga Krizanova and Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.024

    7. Heart Adrenoceptor Gene Expression and Binding Sites in the Human Failing Heart (pages 400–408)

      Viliam Fischer, Ivan Gabauer, Andrej Tillinger, Martina Novakova, Ivan Pechan, Olga Krizanova, Richard Kvetňanský and Jaromir Myslivecek

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.013

    8. Hypoxia Differently Modulates Gene Expression of Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors in Mouse Kidney and HEK 293 Cell Line (pages 421–427)

      Dana Jurkovicova, Barbora Sedlakova, Lubica Lacinova, Juraj Kopacek, Zdena Sulova, Jan Sedlak and Olga Krizanova

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.034

  11. Part VIII. Stress and Development

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Gender-specific Regulation of the Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and the Role of Vasopressin during the Neonatal Period (pages 439–445)

      Gábor B. Makara, Ágnes Domokos, Zsuzsa Mergl, Katalin Csabai, István Barna and Dóra Zelena

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.002

    2. Sex-specific Prenatal Programming : A Risk for Fibromyalgia? (pages 446–455)

      P. O. Klingmann, I. Kugler, T. S. Steffke, S. Bellingrath, B. M. Kudielka and D. H. Hellhammer

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.020

    3. Response of the Adrenomedullary System to Early Postnatal Stress in the Brattleboro Rat (pages 456–461)

      Dóra Zelena, István Barna, Katalin Csabai, Gabriella F. Orlando, Gábor B. Makara and Mario Engelmann

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.041

  12. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Pheochromocytoma : An Endocrine Stress Mimicking Disorder (pages 462–468)

      Vitaly Kantorovich, Graeme Eisenhofer and Karel Pacak

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.081

    2. Catecholamines and Estrogen Are Involved in the Pathogenesis of Emotional Stress-induced Acute Heart Attack (pages 479–485)

      Takashi Ueyama, Ken Kasamatsu, Takuzo Hano, Yoshihiro Tsuruo and Fuminobu Ishikura

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.079

    3. Attenuated Pre-ejection Period Response to Tyramine in Patients with Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation (pages 486–489)

      Richard Imrich, Basil A. Eldadah, Oladi Bentho, Sandra Pechnik, Yehonatan Sharabi, Courtney Holmes and David S. Goldstein

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.066

    4. The Role of Norepinephrine and Insulin Resistance in an Early Stage of Hypertension (pages 490–494)

      Adela Penesova, Zofia Radikova, Eva Cizmarova, Richard Kvetňanský, Pavel Blazicek, Miroslav Vlcek, Juraj Koska and Milan Vigas

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.036

    5. Salivary Cortisol Levels in Brazilian Citizens of Distinct Socioeconomic and Cultural Levels (pages 504–508)

      Márcia C. Garcia, Aglecio De Souza, Geruza P. Bella, Dora M. Grassi-Kassisse, Artur P. Tacla and Regina C. Spadari-Bratfisch

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.065

    6. Corticosterone Regulates pERK1/2 Map Kinase in a Chronic Depression Model (pages 509–514)

      Shannon L. Gourley, Florence J. Wu and Jane R. Taylor

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.076

    7. Fast Action of Neuroactive Steroids on Plasma Membrane Calcium Pump in PC12 Cells (pages 515–519)

      Ludmila Zylinska, Iwona Kowalska and Anna Kozaczuk

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.077

    8. Rotenone Damages Striatal Organotypic Slice Culture (pages 530–535)

      Rudolf Moldzio, Christina Piskernik, Khaled Radad and Wolf-Dieter Rausch

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.009

    9. Ethanol and Stress Activate Catecholamine Synthesis in the Adrenal : Effects on Bone (pages 542–551)

      Patricia Patterson-Buckendahl, Larissa A. Pohorecky, Lucia Kubovcakova, Olga Krizanova, R. Bruce Martin, Daniel A. Martinez and Richard Kvetňanský

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.021

    10. Adrenomedullary Response to Hypoglycemia in First-degree Relatives of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (pages 552–555)

      J. Rovensky, R. Imrich, A. Penesova, Z. Radikova, A. Scipova, M. Vlcek and M. Vigas

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.070

    11. Sympathetic Nervous System Response to Orthostatic Stress in Female Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (pages 556–561)

      Miroslav Vlcek, Jozef Rovensky, Pavel Blazicek, Zofia Radikova, Adela Penesova, Jana Kerlik, Richard Kvetňanský and Richard Imrich

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.026

    12. Adrenocortical Response to Low-dose ACTH Test in Female Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (pages 562–566)

      Zofia Radikova, Jozef Rovensky, Miroslav Vlcek, Adela Penesova, Jana Kerlik, Milan Vigas and Richard Imrich

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.027

  13. Index of Contributors

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Introductory Lecture
    4. Irwin J. Kopin Award Lecture
    5. Part I. Functional Neuroanatomy of Stress Response
    6. Part II. Brain Monoamines and Neuropeptides in Stress
    7. Part III. Neuroendocrine Regulations in Stress and Adaptation
    8. Part IV. New Insights into Sympathetic Neurons
    9. Part V. Molecular Genetics of Neurotransmitter Enzymes in Stress
    10. Part VI. Transcriptional Regulation of Heart Function in Stress
    11. Part VII. Stress Hormone Receptors
    12. Part VIII. Stress and Development
    13. Part IX. Clinical Aspects of Stress-Induced Changes in Neurotransmitter and Hormone Systems
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Index of Contributors (pages 567–570)

      Article first published online: 11 DEC 2008 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1410.auindex_1

SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION