The final plenary session at the 2002 Health Services Research and Pharmacy Practice Conference at Leeds, England, took the form of a formal debate on the topic “Research has had little influence on the development of pharmacy practice.” The proposers were two non-pharmacists, with considerable experience of health services research and pharmacy practice research, and the opposers were two leading pharmacists, one a hospital pharmacist and one an advocate for community pharmacy. We present here an edited version of the debate.