SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Ashrit, R., Douville, H. and Kumar, K. 2003 Response of the Indian Monsoon and ENSO–monsoon tele-connections to enhanced greenhouse effect in the CNRM coupled model. J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn., 81, 779803
  • Charney, J. G. and Shukla, J. 1981 ‘Predictability of monsoons’. Pp. 99109 in Monsoon Dynamics. Eds. J. Lighthill and R. P. Pearce, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
  • Codron, F., Vintileos, A. and Sadourny, R. 2001 Influence of mean state changes on the structure of ENSO in a tropical coupled GCM. J. Climate, 14, 730742
  • Gadgil, S. and Sajani, S. 1998 Monsoon precipitation in the AMIP runs. Clim. Dyn., 14, 659689
  • Gordon, C., Cooper, C., Senior, C. A., Banks, H., Gregory, J. M., Johns, T. C., Mitchell, J. F. B. and Wood, R. A. 2000 The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments. Clim. Dyn., 16, 147168
  • Guilyardi, E., Gualdi, S., Slingo, J., Navarra, A., Delecluse, P., Cole, J., Madec, G., Roberts, M., Latif, M. and Terray, L. 2004 Representing El Niño in coupled ocean-atmosphere GCMs: the dominant role of the atmospheric component. J. Climate, 17, 46234629
  • Inness, P. M., Slingo, J. M., Woolnough, S., Neale, R., and Pope, V. 2001 Organization of tropical convection in a GCM with varying vertical resolution: Implications for the simulation of the Madden–Julian Oscillation. Clim. Dyn., 17, 777793
  • Inness, P. M., Slingo, J. M., Guilyardi, E. and Cole, J. 2003 Simulation of the Madden–Julian Oscillation in a coupled general circulation model. Part II: The role of the basic state. J. Climate, 16, 365382
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2001 Climate change 2001: The scientific basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report, Eds. J. T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell and C. A. Johnson, Cambridge University Press, UK
  • Johns, T. C., Gregory, J. M., Ingram, W. J., Johnson, C. E., Jones, A., Lowe, J. A., Mitchell, J. F. B., Roberts, D. L., Sexton, D. M. H., Stevenson, D. S., Tett, S. F. B. and Woodage M. J. 2003 Anthropogenic climate change for 1860 to 2100 simulated with the HadCM3 model under updated emission scenarios. Clim. Dyn., 20, 583612
  • Ju, J. and Slingo, J. M. 1995 The Asian summer monsoon and ENSO. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 121, 11331168
  • Kim, K.-M. and Lau, K.-M. 2001 Dynamics of monsoon-induced biennial variability in ENSO. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 315318
  • Latif, M., Sperber, K., Arblaster, J., Braconnot, P., Chen, D., Colman, A., Cubasch, U., Cooper, C., Delecluse, P., Dewitt, D., Fairhead, L., Flato, G., Hogan, T., Ji, M., Kimoto, M., Kitoh, A., Knutson, T., Le Treut, H., Li, T., Manabe, S., Marti, O., Mechoso, C., Meehl, G., Power, S., Roeckner, E., Sirven, J., Terray, L., Vintzileos, A., Voss, R., Wang, B., Washington, W., Yoshikawa, I., Yu, J. and Zebiak, S. 2001 ENSIP: the El Niño simulation intercomparison project. Clim. Dyn., 18, 255276
  • Lau, K.-M. and Wu, H. T. 2001 Principal Modes of Rainfall–SST Variability of the Asian Summer Monsoon: A Reassessment of the Monsoon–ENSO Relationship. J. Climate, 14, 28802895
  • Lengaigne, M. E., Boulanger, J.-P., Menkes, C., Masson, S., Madec, G. and Delecluse, P. 2002 Ocean response to the March 1997 Westerly Wind Event. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8015, doi: 10.1029/2001JC000841
  • Lengaigne, M. E., Guilyardi, E., Boulanger, J.-P., Menkes, C., Delecluse, P., Inness, P. M., Cole, J. and Slingo, J. M. 2004 Triggering of El Niño by Westerly Wind Events in a Coupled General Circulation Model. Clim. Dyn., 23, 601620, doi: 10.1007/s00382-004-0457-2
  • Levitus, S. and Boyer, T. P. 1994 ‘World Ocean Atlas 1994, Volume 4: Temperature’. US Department of Commerce, Washington, DC
  • Meehl, G. A. 1987 The annual cycle and interannual variability in the tropical Pacific and Indian Ocean regions. Mon. Weather Rev., 115, 2750
  • Meehl, G. A. and Arblaster, J. M. 2002a The Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation and Asian–Australian Monsoon Rainfall. J. Climate, 15, 722744
  • 2002b Indian Monsoon GCM Sensitivity Experiments Testing Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation Transition Conditions. J. Climate, 15, 923944
  • Meehl, G. A., Gent, P. R., Arblaster, J. M., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Brady, E. C. and Craig, A. 2001 Factors that affect the amplitude of El Nino in global coupled climate models. Clim. Dyn., 17, 515526
  • Meehl, G. A., Arblaster, J. M. and Loschnigg, J 2003 Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Dynamical Processes in the Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans and the TBO. J. Climate, 16, 21382158
  • Neale, R. and Slingo, J. 2003 The Maritime Continent and its Role in the Global Climate: A GCM Study. J. Climate, 16, 834848
  • Normand, C. 1953 Monsoon seasonal forecasting. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 79, 463473
  • Palmer, T. N. 1994 Chaos and predictability in forecasting the monsoons. Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad., 60, 5766
  • Parthasarathy, B., Munot, A. A. and Kothawale, D. R. 1994 All-India Monthly and Seasonal Rainfall Series: 1871–1993. Theor. Appl. Climatol., 49, 217224
  • Pope, V.D., Gallani, M.L., Rowntree, P. R. and Stratton, R. A. 2000 The impact of new physical parametrizations in the Hadley Centre climate model: HadAM3. Clim. Dyn., 16, 123146
  • Rajeevan, M., Pai, D. S., Dikshit, S. K. and Kelkar, R. R. 2004 IMD's new operational models for long-range forecast of southwest monsoon rainfall over India and their verification for 2003. Current Science, 86, 422431
  • Rayner, N. A., Parker, D. E., Horton, E. B., Folland, C. K., Alexander, L. V., Rowell, D. P., Kent, E. C. and Kaplan, A. 2003 Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century. J. Geophys. Res., 108(D14), 4407, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002670
  • Shukla, J. and Paolino, D. 1983 The southern oscillation and long-range forecasting of the summer monsoon rainfall over India. Mon. Weather Rev., 111, 18301837
  • Spencer, H., Slingo, J. M. and Davey, M. K. 2004 Seasonal predictability of ENSO teleconnections: the role of the remote ocean response. Clim. Dyn., 22, 511526
  • Spencer, H., Sutton, R., Slingo, J. M., Roberts, M. and Black, E. 2005 Indian Ocean Climate and Dipole Variability in Hadley Centre Coupled GCMs. J. Climate, in press
  • Sperber, K. R. and Palmer, T. N. 1996 Interannual tropical rainfall variability in general circulation model simulations associated with the atmospheric model intercomparison project. J. Climate, 9, 27272750
  • Sperber, K. R., Slingo, J. M. and Annamalai, H. 2000 Predictability and the relationship between subseasonal and interannual variability during the Asian summer monsoon. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 126, 25452574
  • Webster, P. J. and Yang, S. 1992 Monsoon and ENSO: Selectively interactive systems. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 118, 877926
  • Webster, P. J., Magana, V. O., Palmer, T. N., Shukla, J., Tomas, R. A., Yanai, M. and Yasanuri, T. 1998 Monsoons: Processes, predictability, and prospects for prediction. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1445114510
  • Wu, R. and Kirtman, B. P. 2004 The Tropospheric Biennial Oscillation of the Monsoon-ENSO System in an Interactive Ensemble Coupled GCM. J. Climate, 17, 16231640
  • Xie, P. and Arkin, P. A. 1997 Global precipitation: A 17-year monthly analysis based on gauge observations, satellite estimates, and numerical model outputs. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 25392559