Presented at the 86th Annual Meeting of the American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc., New Orleans, LA, April 13, 1983.
Article first published online: 5 JAN 2009
Copyright © 1984 The Triological Society
Volume 94, Issue 3, pages 316–323, March 1984
How to Cite
Nelson, S. M. and Berry, R. I. (1984), Ear disease and hearing loss among navajo children – a mass survey. The Laryngoscope, 94: 316–323. doi: 10.1288/00005537-198403000-00005
From the USPHS Indian Hospital, Tuba City, AZ and the Research and Development Center, Northern Arizona University.
The opinions expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily represent those ofthe Indian Health Service.
- Issue published online: 5 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 5 JAN 2009
- Indian Health Service under the provision. Grant Number: PL 94-437
A team of trained technicians in a specially equipped mobile van conducted a mass screening effort on the Navajo Reservation from 1978 to 1980 to detect and refer individuals with ear disease and hearing loss; 15,890 school children were examined. The prevalence data and correlations of hearing level with ear disease are presented: 4.0% of the children had TM perforations, 2.3% middle ear effusions, 1.9% TM atelectasis, and 0.4% had sensorineural hearing loss. Microtia was found in 1:935, with a cluster on the Western one-fourth of the reservation. Cholesteatoma was rare. The patterns of ear disease are contrasted with other groups.