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Keywords:

  • Lyme disease;
  • Ticks;
  • Epidemiology;
  • Disease prevention

Canine Lyme disease is a tick-borne condition caused by gram-negative spirochaetes belonging to the Borrelia burgdorferi group, and continues to cause concern to many members of the public, particularly those walking in high-risk areas. Both the prevalence of infection and incidence of disease in canines and humans appear to be increasing and this makes effective diagnosis, treatment and prevention measures vital to the veterinary practitioner. This article discusses the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Lyme disease.