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Endoscopy: part 2 – flexible endoscopy: the inside story



Flexible endoscopy has finally become recognised as a highly valuable, but sadly, underutilised, minimally invasive procedure in small animal practice. It not only allows for visual examination of a significant part of the gastrointestinal (GI) and respiratory tracts, but also provides an opportunity to obtain tissue and cytological samples for laboratory assessment. Endoscopy should be considered an important, and complementary, part of a complete and thorough medical evaluation of the GI or respiratory tracts. This article, the second of three in this endoscopy series, will provide an introduction and practical guide to flexible upper GI endoscopy for the small animal practitioner.