This review was prepared by Mona S. Calvo, Ph.D., Office of Applied Research and Safety Assessment, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, HFS-025, 8301 Muirkirk Road, Lau-rel, MD, 20708, USA, and Susan J. Whiting, Ph.D., College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatche-wan, 110 Science Place, Saskatoon SK S7N 5C9, Canada.
Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency in Canada and the United States: Importance to Health Status and Efficacy of Current Food Fortification and Dietary Supplement Use
Version of Record online: 16 SEP 2008
2003 International Life Sciences Institute
Volume 61, Issue 3, pages 107–113, March 2003
How to Cite
(2003), Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency in Canada and the United States: Importance to Health Status and Efficacy of Current Food Fortification and Dietary Supplement Use. Nutrition Reviews, 61: 107–113. doi: 10.1301/nr.2003.marr.107-113
- Issue online: 16 SEP 2008
- Version of Record online: 16 SEP 2008
- 25-Hydroxyvitamin D;
- vitamin D intake;
otherwise healthy adults living in Canada and the United States. Most striking are the effects of latitude, season, and race. Also noteworthy is that dietary vitamin D is not reaching the population in greatest need, nor is it very protective against insufficiency. Fluid milk, as the predominant vehicle for vitamin D fortification, is apparently not very effective in staving off vitamin D insufficiency in adults in all populations at all times of the year.