Glycemic Carbohydrate: An International Perspective


  • Guy Nantel PhD

    1. Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.
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Attention to the different types of carbohydrates and their role in health and disease is relatively recent. FAO and WHO jointly published a report on carbohydrates in human nutrition in 1998, with a number of recommendations about increasing carbohydrate intake as a sound approach to the prevention of obesity. The glycemic index (GI) was recommended as a means of classifying foods on the basis of their potential for raising blood glucose; this concept was based on the understanding that the state of hyperglycemia that is observed following the intake of certain high-GI carbohydrate foods could constitute a risk factor for diseases of lifestyle.