Stress and coping strategies among Zimbabwean adolescents
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2010
2005 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Educational Psychology
Volume 75, Issue 4, pages 661–671, December 2005
How to Cite
Magaya, L., Asner-Self, K. K. and Schreiber, J. B. (2005), Stress and coping strategies among Zimbabwean adolescents. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 75: 661–671. doi: 10.1348/000709905X25508
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2010
- Received 13 August 2002; revised version received 11 June 2004
Background. Stress and social support influence adolescents' coping strategies. Adolescents need to acquire a large repertoire of coping strategies in light of a rapidly changing socio-economic and political situation.
Aim. This study reports on the coping strategies of Zimbabwean adolescents and highlights some major stressors they face. The interplay among stress, social support and the coping strategies of Zimbabwean adolescents are also reported.
Sample. A sample of 101 Zimbabwean students (ages 17–19) participated in this study.
Method. Participants completed three instruments: the Perceived Stress Scale, the Social Provision Scale and the Ways of Coping Scale.
Results. Zimbabwean adolescents experienced slight stress as measured by the Perceived Stress Scale. Major stressors included schoolwork, relationships, social life and financial hardship. Females reported a higher level of perceived stress than males. Zimbabwean adolescents reported having fewer social provisions than the norm group. Results from the Ways of Coping Scale indicated that Zimbabwean adolescents use emotion-focused strategies more frequently than problem-solving strategies.
Conclusion. The implications of the study are that Zimbabwean adolescents may need to acquire a larger repertoire of coping skills adding to what they may already have. Problem-solving skills need to be employed in face of today's challenging situations.