Hypomanic traits and response styles to depression
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2002 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Volume 41, Issue 3, pages 309–313, September 2002
How to Cite
Thomas, J. and Bentall, R. P. (2002), Hypomanic traits and response styles to depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41: 309–313. doi: 10.1348/014466502760379154
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Cited By
Objectives: To test the hypothesis that the manic defence involves specific response styles to depression, namely distraction and indulging in dangerous activities.
Design: A correlational study was conducted with undergraduate participants assessed for hypomanic traits using Eckblad and Chapman's Hypomanic Personality Scale.
Method: Participants also completed the Beck Depression Inventory, and an expanded version of Nolen-Hoeksema's Response Styles Questionnaire.
Results: Depression was strongly associated with a ruminative response style. Hypomanic traits were associated with rumination, a distraction response style and with indulging in dangerous activities. However, as only 17% of the variance in hypomania scores was accounted for, other factors must play an important role in determining this trait.
Conclusions: Hypomania (and possibly mania) may be products of ineffective styles of coping with negative emotions.