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Objectives. The present study applied MacLeod, Mathews & Tata's (1986) dot probe attentional deployment methodology to individuals with specific phobias.

Design. Attentional deployment towards spider-related, blood-related, positive, negative, and neutral words was examined.

Method. Individuals with either spider phobia (N = 13) or blood/injury phobia (N = 14) and non-anxious controls (N = 14) completed the dot probe attentional deployment task.

Results. Individuals with specific phobias did not demonstrate an attentional bias towards phobia-related stimuli relevant to their particular fears.

Conclusion. Semantic-based information processing paradigms may not be sufficiently potent to demonstrate biased performance towards threatening stimuli in individuals with mild specific phobias who are otherwise healthy.