Attitudes toward group-based inequality: Social dominance or social identity?
Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
2003 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 2, pages 161–186, June 2003
How to Cite
Schmitt, M. T., Branscombe, N. R. and Kappen, D. M. (2003), Attitudes toward group-based inequality: Social dominance or social identity?. British Journal of Social Psychology, 42: 161–186. doi: 10.1348/014466603322127166
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Received 20 November 2000; revised version received 22 January 2002
- Cited By
In five studies we explored how the context in which people think about the social structure and the implications of the social structure for one's in-group affect attitudes toward inequality. In Studies 1 and 2 we found that social dominance orientation (SDO) scores reflect attitudes toward specific types of inequality that are salient in context. Consistent with social identity theory, in Studies 3 to 5 we found that SDO scores reflected the interests of specific group identities. Indeed, when we compared existing privileged and disadvantaged groups, and when we manipulated in-group status, we found that participants held more positive attitudes toward inequality when the in-group was privileged, compared to when the in-group was disadvantaged. Across all of our studies, results were consistent with the contention that attitudes toward inequality are group-specific and depend on the social-structural position of salient in-groups. We discuss the implications of our findings for social dominance theory.