The underrepresentation of women in science: Differential commitment or the queen bee syndrome?
Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
2004 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 43, Issue 3, pages 315–338, September 2004
How to Cite
Ellemers, N., Van den Heuvel, H., de Gilder, D., Maass, A. and Bonvini, A. (2004), The underrepresentation of women in science: Differential commitment or the queen bee syndrome?. British Journal of Social Psychology, 43: 315–338. doi: 10.1348/0144666042037999
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Cited By
We examined possible explanations for the underrepresentation of women among university faculty, in two different national contexts. In the Netherlands, a sample of doctoral students (N = 132) revealed no gender differences in work commitment or work satisfaction. Faculty members in the same university (N = 179), however, perceived female students to be less committed to their work and female faculty endorsed these gender-stereotypical perceptions most strongly. A second study, in Italy, replicated and extended these findings. Again, no gender differences were obtained in the self-descriptions of male and female doctoral students (N = 80), while especially the female faculty (N = 93) perceived female students as less committed to their work than male students. Additional measures supported an explanation in social identity terms, according to which individual upward mobility (i.e. of female faculty) implies distancing the self from the group stereotype which not only involves perceiving the self as a non-prototypical group member, but may also elicit stereotypical views of other in-group members.