Retracted: It depends on how you look at it: Being versus becoming mindsets determine responses to social comparisons

Authors

  • Camille S. Johnson,

    Corresponding author
    1. San Jose State University, California, USA
      Correspondence should be addressed to Professor Camille S. Johnson, San Jose State University, One Washington Square, San Jose, CA 95192-0070, USA (e-mail: johnson.1967@osu.edu).
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  • Diederik A. Stapel

    1. Tilburg University, The Netherlands
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Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Retraction statement: It depends on how you look at it: Being versus becoming mindsets determine responses to social comparisons Volume 51, Issue 3, 497, Article first published online: 6 June 2012

Correspondence should be addressed to Professor Camille S. Johnson, San Jose State University, One Washington Square, San Jose, CA 95192-0070, USA (e-mail: johnson.1967@osu.edu).

Abstract

The current studies examine how focusing on evaluation of the current self (a ‘being’ mindset) or focusing on the projection of future selves (a ‘becoming mindset’) influences responses to social comparison information. The studies show that the mindset of individuals, independent of other situational variables, determines whether individuals regard targets as threatening, how targets influence self-evaluations, and how targets affect performance on relevant tasks. The studies also show that mindsets determine what kinds of social comparison information are influential. In a becoming mindset, people are influenced mainly by information from domains that are considered mutable, whereas in a being mindset, people are influenced by information from both immutable and mutable domains.

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