In-group identification mediates the effects of subjective in-group status on mental health

Authors


Correspondence should be addressed to Dr Fabio Sani, School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Park Place, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK (e-mail: f.sani@dundee.ac.uk).

Abstract

We present two studies exploring the effects of the relative standing of one's in-group in the social hierarchy, which we conceptualize as ‘subjective in-group status’, on mental health and well-being. Study 1 focuses on the subjective status of a professional in-group (prison guards) while Study 2 concerns the subjective status of the family in-group. Results show that higher subjective in-group status predicts better mental health (e.g., less depression) and greater well-being (e.g., higher satisfaction with life). Also, results demonstrate that the effects of subjective in-group status on mental health are mediated by the extent to which one subjectively identifies with the in-group.

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